Home>>Signaling Pathways>> Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel>> GABA Receptor>>AWD 131-138

AWD 131-138

Catalog No.GC10974

AWD 131-138 Chemical Structure

GABAA receptor agonist

Size Price Stock Qty
In stock
In stock
In stock
In stock
In stock
In stock

Customer Reviews

Based on customer reviews.

Tel: (626) 353-8530 Email: sales@glpbio.com

Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Product Documents

Quality Control & SDS

View current batch:


AWD 131-138 is a partial agonist of benzodiazepine receptor [1].

Benzodiazepine (BZD) is a psychoactive drug and acts as positive allosteric modulators of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA by binding to a recognition site (BZD receptor) of the GABAA receptor chloride ionophore complex [1].

AWD 131-138 is a partial benzodiazepine receptor agonist with anticonvulsant and anxiolytic activity [1]. In Xenopus oocytes expressed recombinant γ-aminobutyric acid A (GABAA) receptors of ɑ1β2γ2, ɑ1β3γ2, ɑ2β2γ2, ɑ3β2γ2 and ɑ5β2γ2, AWD 131-138 stimulated GABA currents in a dose-dependent way and acts at the binding site for benzodiazepines. AWD 131-138 (10 μM) stimulated GABA currents up to 12-21% of the maximal stimulation achieved by diazepam [2].

In a dog seizure model, AWD 131-138 increased the pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) seizure threshold. AWD 131-138 (5 or 40 mg/kg) caused relatively mild abstinence symptoms, particularly at the lower dosage. In dogs with newly diagnosed epilepsy, AWD 131-138 significantly reduced seizure frequency and severity [3].

[1].  Rundfeldt C, Löscher W. The pharmacology of imepitoin: the first partial benzodiazepine receptor agonist developed for the treatment of epilepsy. CNS Drugs, 2014, 28(1): 29-43.
[2].  Sigel E, Baur R, Netzer R, et al. The antiepileptic drug AWD 131-138 stimulates different recombinant isoforms of the rat GABA(A) receptor through the benzodiazepine binding site. Neurosci Lett, 1998, 245(2): 85-88.
[3].  Löscher W, Potschka H, Rieck S, et al. Anticonvulsant efficacy of the low-affinity partial benzodiazepine receptor agonist ELB 138 in a dog seizure model and in epileptic dogs with spontaneously recurrent seizures. Epilepsia, 2004, 45(10): 1228-1239.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 188116-07-6 SDF
Synonyms N/A
Chemical Name 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-morpholin-4-yl-4H-imidazol-2-one
Canonical SMILES C1COCCN1C2=NC(=O)N(C2)C3=CC=C(C=C3)Cl
Formula C13H14ClN3O2 M.Wt 279.72
Solubility DMF: 10 mg/ml,DMSO: 10 mg/ml,DMSO:PBS (pH 7.2) (1:1): 0.5 mg/ml,Ethanol: 0.25 mg/ml Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)

mg/kg g μL

Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (This is only the calculator, not formulation. Please contact us first if there is no in vivo formulation at the solubility Section.)

% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O

Calculation results:

Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
3. All of the above co-solvents are available for purchase on the GlpBio website.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

**When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / CoA (available online).



Review for AWD 131-138

Average Rating: 5 ★★★★★ (Based on Reviews and 39 reference(s) in Google Scholar.)

5 Star
4 Star
3 Star
2 Star
1 Star
Review for AWD 131-138

GLPBIO products are for RESEARCH USE ONLY. Please make sure your review or question is research based.

Required fields are marked with *

You may receive emails regarding this submission. Any emails will include the ability to opt-out of future communications.