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BAY u3405 Catalog No.GC15640

DP2 receptor antagonist

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Quality Control

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Protocol

Kinase experiment:

CRTH2 transfectants are resuspended in binding buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4, 40 mM MgCl2, 0.1% BSA, 0.1% NaN3). Cell suspension (2×105 cells), 3H-labeled PGD2, and various concentrations of Ramatroban (0.1 nM, 1 nM, 10 nM, 100 nM, 1 μM and 10 μM) are then mixed in a 96-well U-bottomed polypropylene plate and incubated in a final volume of 100 μL for 60 min at room temperature. After incubation, the cell suspension is transferred to a filtration plate and washed three times with binding buffer. Scintillant is added to the filtration plate, and radioactivity remaining on the filter is measured by a scintillation counter. Nonspecific binding is determined by incubating the cell suspension and 3H-labeled PGD2 in the presence of 1 μM unlabeled PGD2[2].

Cell experiment:

Human eosinophils are purified and resuspended in migration buffer (20 mM HEPES, pH 7.6, 0.1% BSA, Hanks' solution) at a density of 6 ×106 cells/mL. Fifty microliters of the cell suspension (3×105 cells/well) is then dispensed into the upper chamber of a 96-well type chemotaxis chamber (pore diameter=5 μm), and 30 μL of ligand solution is added to the lower chamber. Cells are preincubated with various concentrations of Ramatroban (0.1 nM, 1 nM, 10 nM, 100 nM, 1 μM and 10 μM) or BWA868C at 37°C for 10 min. The migration assays are performed in a humidified incubator at 37°C, 5% CO2 for 2 h. The number of cells migrating into the lower chamber is counted[2].

Animal experiment:

Mice[3]Five micrograms of LPS (closed columns) or saline (open columns) are intraperitoneally injected into CRTH2+/+ mice. CRTH2+/+ mice are pretreated intraperitoneally for 1 h with 30 mg/kg Ramatroban.

References:

[1]. Stearns BA, et al. Novel tricyclic antagonists of the prostaglandin D2 receptor DP2 with efficacy in a murine modelof allergic rhinitis. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009 Aug 15;19(16):4647-51.
[2]. Sugimoto H, et al. An orally bioavailable small molecule antagonist of CRTH2, ramatroban (BAY u3405), inhibits prostaglandin D2-induced eosinophil migration in vitro. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Apr;305(1):347-52.
[3]. Haba R, et al. Central CRTH2, a second prostaglandin D2 receptor, mediates emotional impairment in the lipopolysaccharide and tumor-induced sickness behavior model. J Neurosci. 2014 Feb 12;34(7):2514-23.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 116649-85-5 SDF
Synonyms Ramatroban
Chemical Name 3R-[[(4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl]amino]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-carbazole-9-propanoic acid
Canonical SMILES O=S(N[C@H](CC1)CC2=C1N(CCC(O)=O)C3=CC=CC=C23)(C4=CC=C(F)C=C4)=O
Formula C21H21FN2O4S M.Wt 416.5
Solubility ≤30mg/ml in ethanol;30mg/ml in DMSO;30mg/ml in dimethyl formamide Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
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Background

IC50: 100-170 nM

BAY u3405 is a DP2 receptor antagonist.

The biological effects of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) are transduced by at least two 7-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors, designated DP1 and DP2/CRTH2.

In vitro: BAY u3405 showed significant inhibitory effects on the binding of 3H-labeled PGD2 to CRTH2, albeit with much lower potency. BAY u3405 and indomethacin also inhibited PGD2-induced Ca2+ mobilization in CRTH2 transfectants to almost the same extent. However, indomethacin but not BAY u3405 was confirmed as an agonist of Ca2+ mobilization at concentrations greater than 10 nM [1].

In vivo: For rat with splanchnic artery occlusion shock, administration of BAY u3405 at 30 mg/kg i.v. could significantly increase the survival time and survival rate, improve mean arterial blood pressure, reduce the plasma levels of myocardial depressant factor, partially restore macrophage phagocytosis and lower MPO activity in both the ileum and the lung [2].

Clinical trial: Twelve adult asthmatics were studied in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Three subjects were withdrawn from the evaluation. The Dmin value of 0.533 U after the BAY u3405 treatment was significantly greater than that of 0.135 U after the placebo treatment. There were no safety concerns in either treatment group [3].

References:
[1] Sugimoto, H. ,Shichijo, M.,Iino, T., et al. An orally bioavailable small molecule antagonist of CRTH2, Ramatroban (BAY u3405), inhibits prostaglandin D2-induced eosinophil migration in vitro. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 305, 347-352 (2003).
[2] Canale P, Squadrito F, Altavilla D, Ioculano M, Campo GM, Squadrito G, Urna G, Sardella A, Caputi AP.  Beneficial effects of BAY u3405, a novel thromboxane A2 receptor antagonist, in splanchnic artery occlusion shock. Pharmacology. 1994 Dec;49(6):376-85.
[3] Aizawa H, Shigyo M, Nogami H, Hirose T, Hara N. BAY u3405, a thromboxane A2 antagonist, reduces bronchial hyperresponsiveness in asthmatics. Chest. 1996 Feb;109(2):338-42.