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Loxapine Succinate Catalog No.GC10242

Dopamine receptor antagonist

Size Price Stock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
$40.00
In stock
100mg
$49.00
In stock
500mg
$194.00
In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 27833-64-3 SDF
Synonyms N/A
Chemical Name butanedioic acid;8-chloro-6-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)benzo[b][1,4]benzoxazepine
Canonical SMILES CN1CCN(CC1)C2=NC3=CC=CC=C3OC4=C2C=C(C=C4)Cl.C(CC(=O)O)C(=O)O
Formula C18H18ClN3O.C4H6O4 M.Wt 445.9
Solubility ≥ 22.295mg/mL in DMSO Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
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Background

Loxapine Succinate is a D2DR and D4DR inhibitor, serotonergic receptor antagonist and also a dibenzoxazepine anti-psychotic agent. IC50 value: Target: D2DR/D4DR; 5-HT receptor in vitro: In the presence of Loxapine, [3H]ketanserin binds to 5-HT2 receptor in Frontal cortex of brain in human and bovine with ki value of 6.2 nM and 6.6 nM, respectively. Loxapine has the rank order of potency for the various receptors appears to be as follows:5-HT2≥D4>>>D1>D2 in comparing competition experiments involving the human membranes [1]. Loxapine 0.2 μM, 2 μM and 20 μM reduces IL-1beta secretion by LPS-activated mixed glia cultures after 1 and 3 days of exposure. Loxapine in concentrations of 0.2 μM, 2 μM and 20 μM reduces IL-2 secretion in mixed glia cultures after 1 and 3 days of exposure, and additionally Loxapine decreases IL-1beta and IL-2 secretion in LPS-induced microglia cultures in concentrations of 2 μM, 10 μM and 20 μM [2]. in vivo: Loxapine (5 mg/kg) induces a very significant reduction (more than 50%) of serotonin (S2) receptor density after 4 weeks or 10 weeks of daily injection in the rat. Loxapine (5 mg/kg) does not change dopamine receptor density but greatly reduces serotonin receptor density by 47% in the brain of rats [3].

References:

[1]. Singh AN, et al. A neurochemical basis for the antipsychotic activity of loxapine: interactions with dopamine D1, D2, D4 and serotonin 5-HT2 receptor subtypes. J Psychiatry Neurosci. 1996 Jan;21(1):29-35.
[2]. Labuzek K, et al. Chlorpromazine and loxapine reduce interleukin-1beta and interleukin-2 release by rat mixed glial and microglial cell cultures. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2005 Jan;15(1):23-30.
[3]. Lee T, et al. Loxapine and clozapine decrease serotonin (S2) but do not elevate dopamine (D2) receptor numbers in the rat brain. Psychiatry Res. 1984 Aug;12(4):277-85.
[4]. Kalkman HO, et al. Clozapine inhibits catalepsy induced by olanzapine and loxapine, but prolongs catalepsy induced by SCH 23390 in rats. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1997 Mar;355(3):361-4.