Home>>Signaling Pathways>> Proteases>> Isocitrate Dehydrogenase (IDH)>>Enasidenib mesylate (AG-221 mesylate)
Enasidenib mesylate (AG-221 mesylate) Catalog No.GC32904

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 1650550-25-6 SDF Download SDF
Synonyms N/A
Chemical Name N/A
Canonical SMILES CS(=O)(O)=O.CC(O)(C)CNC1=NC(C2=NC(C(F)(F)F)=CC=C2)=NC(NC3=CC(C(F)(F)F)=NC=C3)=N1
Formula C20H21F6N7O4S M.Wt 569.48
Solubility DMSO : ≥ 100 mg/mL (175.60 mM) Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
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Enasidenib mesylate is a first-in-class, oral, potent, reversible, selective inhibitor of the IDH2 mutant enzymes.

Enasidenib (AG-221) reverses the effects of mutant IDH2 on DNA methylation in mutant stem/progenitor cells. Enasidenib induces differentiation and impairs self-renewal of IDH2-mutant leukemia cells, effects that are further enhanced by simultaneous inhibition of Flt3ITD. Enasidenib (AG-221) therapy induces differentiation of leukemic cells, with an increase in the CD11b+ population and a decrease in the c-Kit+ population in the peripheral blood at 2 wks[2].

Treatment with enasidenib (AG-221) significantly improves survival in an IDH2-mutant acute myeloid leukemia (AML) primary xenograft mouse model[1]. Enasidenib (AG-221), a mutant IDH2 inhibitor, remodels the epigenetic state of IDH2-mutant cells and induces alterations in self-renewal/differentiation in IDH2-mutant AML model in vivo. Enasidenib treatment (10 mg/kg or 100 mg/kg bid) leads to a reduction in 2-HG in vivo (96.7% below pre-treatment levels). Moreover, Enasidenib treatment restores megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitor (MEP) differentiation that is suppressed by mutant IDH2 expression (mean MEP% mean, 39% Veh vs 50% AG-221). Enasidenib therapy reverses the effects of mutant IDH2; a significant reduction is observed in DNA methylation, including 180 genes that have 20 or more hypomethylated differentially methylated cytosines (DMCs) following treatment. Enasidenib (100 mg/kg bid) treatment of mice engrafted with Mx1-Cre IDH2R140QFlt3ITD AML cells markedly reduces 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG) levels consistent with on target inhibition. Enasidenib inhibits mutant IDH2-mediated 2-HG production[2].

[1]. Exploring the Pathway: IDH Mutations and Metabolic Dysregulation in Cancer Cells: A Novel Therapeutic Target. MAY 29, 2015 [2]. Alan H. Shih, et al. AG-221, a Small Molecule Mutant IDH2 Inhibitor, Remodels the Epigenetic State of IDH2-Mutant Cells and Induces Alterations in Self-Renewal/Differentiation in IDH2-Mutant AML Model in Vivo. Blood 2014 124:437.