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Gamitrinib TPP hexafluorophosphate Catalog No.GC32766

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

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Cell experiment:

Human glioblastoma cell lines LN229 (p53 mutant; PTEN, WT), U87 (p53 WT; PTEN mutant), U251 (p53 mutant), prostate adenocarcinoma PC3, breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7, and human epithelial kidney (HEK) 293T are seeded in triplicate onto 96-well plates at 2×103 cells/well, treated with vehicle, Gamitrinib TPP (5, 10, 15, and 20 uM), or nontargeted 17-AAG ( 0-20 μM) for up to 24 h, and quantified for metabolic activity by a MTT colorimetric assay with absorbance at 405 nm. For determination of apoptosis, control or treated tumor cell types (1×106) are labeled for annexin V and propidium iodide (PI) and analyzed by multiparametric flow cytometry. For Gamitrinib TPP-TRAIL combination studies, tumor cell types are simultaneously incubated with suboptimal concentrations of Gamitrinib TPP at 5 μM and TRAIL depending on the cell type at 100 ng/mL (U87), 20 ng/mL (U251), 40 ng/mL (PC3, MCF-7, FHAS), or 200 ng/mL (LN229), and analyzed after 16 h for cell viability by MTT[1].

Animal experiment:

Mice[1]U87 glioblastoma cells stably transfected with a luciferase expression plasmid (U87-Luc) are suspended in sterile PBS, pH 7.2, and stereotactically implanted (1×105) in the right cerebral striatum of immunocompromised nude mice. Animals with established tumors are randomized in 4 groups (4 animals/group) and started on sterile vehicle (cremophor), TRAIL alone, Gamitrinib TPP alone, or the combination of TRAIL plus Gamitrinib TPP. In all animal groups, TRAIL is injected stereotactically in the right cerebral striatum (2 ng on days 7 and 10 after implantation), and Gamitrinib TPP is given systemically (10 mg/kg as daily i.p. injections on days 6, 7, 9, and 10 after implantation). Treatment is suspended on day 10 after tumor implantation, and tumor growth is assessed weekly by bioluminescence imaging after i.p injection of 110 mg/kg D-luciferin. In some experiments, nude mice carrying established U87-Luc intracranial glioblastomas are treated with systemic Gamitrinib TPP monotherapy at 20 mg/kg as daily i.p. injections and monitored for tumor growth by bioluminescence imaging. Animal survival is calculated per group[1].


[1]. Markus D. Siegelin, et al. Exploiting the mitochondrial unfolded protein response for cancer therapy in mice and human cells. J Clin Invest. 2011 Apr 1; 121(4): 1349–1360.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 1131626-47-5 SDF Download SDF
Synonyms N/A
Chemical Name N/A
Canonical SMILES O=C(C=C1NC(/C(C)=C/C=C/[C@H](OC)[C@@H](OC(N)=O)/C(C)=C/[C@H](C)[C@H]2O)=O)C(NCCCCCC[P+](C3=CC=CC=C3)(C4=CC=CC=C4)C5=CC=CC=C5)=C(C[C@H](C[C@@H]2OC)C)C1=O.F[P-2](F)(F)(F)(F)F
Formula C52H65F6N3O8P2 M.Wt 1036.03
Solubility DMSO: 50 mg/mL (48.26 mM) Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
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Gamitrinib TPP hexafluorophosphate is a Gamitrinib (GA) mitochondrial matrix inhibitor.

Gamitrinib TPP (GamitrinibTPP, G-TPP), a small molecule that combines the Hsp90 ATPase inhibitory module of 17-allylamino geldanamycin (17-AAG) with the mitochondrial-targeting moiety of triphenylphosphonium. Gamitrinib TPP is selectively delivered to mitochondria and does not affect Hsp90 homeostasis outside the organelle. Within a 16-hour exposure, concentrations of Gamitrinib TPP of 15-20 μM indistinguishably kill patient-derived and cultured glioblastoma cell lines. This cell death response has the hallmarks of mitochondrial apoptosis, with loss of organelle inner membrane potential, release of cytochrome c in the cytosol, activation of initiator caspase-9 and effector caspase-3 and caspase-7, and cellular reactivity for annexin V[1].

Whether the combination of TRAIL plus Gamitrinib TPP (GamitrinibTPP, G-TPP) has activity against glioblastoma in vivo is studied. Luciferase-expressing U87 glioblastoma cells implanted in the right cerebral striatum of immunocompromised mice give rise to rapidly growing tumors by bioluminescence imaging, and treatment of these mice with vehicle, stereotactic delivery of TRAIL, or systemic administration of suboptimal concentrations of Gamitrinib TPP does not affect tumor growth in vivo. Similarly, systemic monotherapy with Gamitrinib TPP at concentrations (20 mg/kg as daily i.p. injections) that inhibit subcutaneous xenograft tumor growth in mice has no effect on orthotopic glioblastoma growth. In contrast, 2 cycles of intracranial TRAIL combined with systemic Gamitrinib TPP suppresses the growth of established glioblastomas, with no significant animal weight loss throughout treatment[1].

[1]. Markus D. Siegelin, et al. Exploiting the mitochondrial unfolded protein response for cancer therapy in mice and human cells. J Clin Invest. 2011 Apr 1; 121(4): 1349-1360.