|TFLLR-NH2(TFA) Catalog No.GC37770|
Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.
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MiceMice are anaesthetized with isofluorane, and saline or TF-NH2 (3?μmol/kg in 25?μL physiological saline) is injected into the lateral tail vein. Evans blue (33.3?mg/kg in 50?μL saline) is co-injected with the peptide. Mice are perfused transcardially at 10?min after administration of TF-NH2 with physiological saline containing 20?u/mL heparin at a pressure of 80-100?mmHg for 2-3?min. Excised tissues are incubated in 1?mL of formamide for 48?h, and Evans blue content is measured spectrophotometrically at 650?nm.
. de Garavilla L, et al. Agonists of proteinase-activated receptor 1 induce plasma extravasation by a neurogenic mechanism. Br J Pharmacol. 2001 Aug;133(7):975-87.
|Cas No.||1313730-19-6||SDF||Download SDF|
|Solubility||H2O: 100 mg/mL (131.26 mM); DMSO: 100 mg/mL (131.26 mM)||Storage||Store at -20°C|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
TFLLR-NH2 (TFA) is a selective PAR1 agonist with an EC50 of 1.9 μM. EC50: 1.9 μM (PAR1)
PAR1 agonists stimulate concentration-dependent increases in [Ca2+]i and in the proportions of neurones. The maximal increase in [Ca2+]i above basal is detected in response to 10 μm TF-NH2 (peak 196.5±20.4 nM, n=25) when 50-80% of identified neurones responded. SW620 cells cultured in the supernatant of TFLLR-NH2-activated platelets upregulate E-cadherin expression and downregulate the vimentin expression. In the in vitro platelet culture system, a TFLLR-NH2 dose-dependent increase of secreted TGF-β1 is detected in the supernatant.
Injection of TF-NH2 into the rat paw stimulates a marked and sustained oedema. An NK1R antagonist and ablation of sensory nerves with capsaicin inhibit oedema by 44% at 1 h and completely by 5 h. In wild-type but not PAR1-/- mice, TF-NH2 stimulates Evans blue extravasation in the bladder, oesophagus, stomach, intestine and pancreas by 2-8 fold. Extravasation in the bladder, oesophagus and stomach is abolished by an NK1R antagonist. TFp-NH2 produces notable contraction at 3-50 μM and relaxation at 0.3-50 μM, in the absence of apamin. The concentration-response curve for TFp-NH2-induced contraction is remarkably shifted left, when the TFp-NH2-induced relaxation is blocked by apamin at 0.1 μM.
. de Garavilla L, et al. Agonists of proteinase-activated receptor 1 induce plasma extravasation by a neurogenic mechanism. Br J Pharmacol. 2001 Aug;133(7):975-87. . Kawabata A, et al. Characterization of the protease-activated receptor-1-mediated contraction and relaxation in the rat duodenal smooth muscle. . Jia Y, et al. Activation of platelet protease-activated receptor-1 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition and chemotaxis of colon cancer cell line SW620. Oncol Rep. 2015 Jun;33(6):2681-8.