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Germicidin B Catalog No.GC16571

pyranone antibiotic

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 150973-78-7 SDF
Chemical Name 3-ethyl-4-hydroxy-6-(1-methylethyl)-2H-pyran-2-one
Canonical SMILES O=C1OC(C(C)C)=CC(O)=C1CC
Formula C10H14O3 M.Wt 182.2
Solubility Soluble in DMSO Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
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Germicidin is a pyranone antibiotic originally excreted by Streptomyces viridochromogenes NRRL B-1551. Germicidin has an inhibitory effect on the germination of its own arthrospores at a concentration as low as 200 pM (40 pg/ml). Higher concentrations of germicidin inhibited porcine Na+/K+-activated ATPase and retarded the germination of the cress Lepidium sativum with an ID50 of 100 μM. Germicidin was the first known autoregulative inhibitor of spore germination in the genus Streptomyces and was isolated from the supernatant of germinated spores, but also from the supernatant of the submerged culture [1].

Germicidins B inhibited germination of S. coelicolor A3(2) spores above 1 μg/ml. The S. coelicolor A3(2) spores collected from a single petri dish (9 cm i.d.) contained 5.4 μg of germicidin A (~2.7 × 10-14 g per spore) and contents of germicidins B, C and D were 0.2–0.8 μg. The activity of the spore extract corresponded well with the sum of the activity of each germicidin. Germicidins functioned as self-germination inhibitors in S. coelicolor A3(2) [2].

[1] PETERSEN F, ZHNER H, METZGER J W, et al.  Germicidin, an autoregulative germination inhibitor of Streptomyces viridochromogenes NRRL B-1551[J]. The Journal of antibiotics, 1993, 46(7): 1126-1138.
[2] Aoki Y, Matsumoto D, Kawaide H, et al.  Physiological role of germicidins in spore germination and hyphal elongation in Streptomyces coelicolor A3 (2)[J]. The Journal of antibiotics, 2011, 64(9): 607-611.