Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.
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KRN 7000 is a potent synthetic α-galactosylceramide, which, in association with the antigen-presenting CD1d protein, activates NKT immune cells. As these cells have important roles in the rejection of malignant tumors and in the regulation of several autoimmune diseases, KRN 7000 has activity in many diseases, including cancer, lupus, diabetes, malaria, and tuberculosis.
KRN7000 is inherently an extremely hydrophobic molecule, therefore, almost all the methods for solubilizing this material in primarily aqueous media will contain at least some detergent. For cell culture or other in vivo models, it is recommended that the KRN7000 be initially dissolved in a 2:1 mixture of chloroform and methanol. This solution should then be aliquoted into amounts suitable for a day’s use into glass vials. After aliquoting, the chloroform/methanol solvent can be evaporated off under a stream of nitrogen or argon. We recommend turning the tube during this process to try to get the KRN7000 deposited in as thin a film as possible. The thinner the KRN7000 layer is, the easier it will be to reconstitute it. These dry aliquots can then be stored under nitrogen or argon at -20°C for several months or until needed.
On the day of the experiment, use a dried aliquot and reconstitute it using any of the options listed below:
PBS with 0.5% Tween-20. Note: It will be necessary to warm at 37°C and sonicate for 2 hours or more in a water bath sonicator in order to get the material to dissolve. Heating and sonication should be done immediately prior to every use.
5.6% sucrose with 0.75% L-histidine and 0.5% Tween-20. Heating to 80°C for several minutes will be necessary with this solvent system.
100% DMSO (anhydrous). It is critical that the DMSO be completely anhydrous. Heating to 80°C may be necessary to get the KRN7000 to completely dissolve. Please note: while this method will produce a true clear solution in DMSO, the KRN7000 will be very likely to precipitate out as soon as the DMSO is diluted into aqueous media. It is recommended that the aqueous media the DMSO stock solution will be diluted in should contain 10% serum, or BSA and that the DMSO stock solution be diluted no more than 1/100. Depending upon the make-up of the aqueous buffer, there may well still be a precipitate, however the precipitate should eventually disappear with warming and repeated vortexing or sonication in a water bath sonicator. This may take some time and will likely need to be repeated each time an aliquot is thawed for use.
Depending upon the solvent system used and the final concentration of the KRN7000, the results may be either a true clear solution or a somewhat cloudy suspension. The cloudy suspensions are not a problem, and will work fine when treating cells, just make sure they are mixed well immediately before use.
|Solubility||1mg/ml in DMSO||Storage||Store at -20°C|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)
Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (This is only the calculator, not formulation. Please contact us first if there is no in vivo formulation at the solubility Section.)
Working concentration: mg/ml;
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )
Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.
Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.
Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.