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L-NAME hydrochloride

Catalog No.GA11233

L-NAME hydrochloride Chemical Structure

A NO synthase inhibitor

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1g
$27.00
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5g
$39.00
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10g
$53.00
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25g
$102.00
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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Quality Control

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Protocol

Animal experiment:

Rats: The purpose is to investigate dose effects of chronically infused NOS inhibitor, LNAME on the anabolism, inflammatory responses, and arginine metabolism in parenterally fed rats with cecal puncture-induced subacute peritonitis. Male Wistar rats (8-9 weeks old), initially weighing 250 g, are used in the study. Rats are divided into 4 groups and are administered total parenteral nutrition solutions with 0, 5 (low dose), 25 (medium dose), or 50 (high dose) mg/kg per day of L-NAME for 7 days[3]. Mice: 12-20 week old C57BL/6J mice (5 per group) are administered L-NAME (0.325mg/mL) in the drinking water. Hearts are excised at 1-day, 2-days, 5-days, 2-weeks or 6-weeks; or controls which received no L-NAME. Ventricular cross-sectional wall thickness and individual cardiac myocytes cross-sectional area and cardiomyocyte/nuclear ratio to determine cardiac hypertrophy. Immuno-histochemical staining for c-kit, sca-1 and BCRP undertaken[5].

References:

[1]. Pfeiffer S, et al. Inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis by NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME): requirement forbioactivation to the free acid, NG-nitro-L-arginine. Br J Pharmacol. 1996 Jul;118(6):1433-40.
[2]. Kopincová J, et al. L-NAME in the cardiovascular system - nitric oxide synthase activator Pharmacol Rep. 2012;64(3):511-20.
[3]. Lo HC, et al. The Nitric Oxide Synthase Inhibitor NG-Nitro-L-Arginine Methyl Ester Diminishes the Immunomodulatory Effects of Parental Arginine in Rats with Subacute Peritonitis. PLoSOne. 2016 Mar 23;11(3):e0151973.
[4]. Luo H, et al. Effect of nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NAME on fear extinction in rats: a task-dependent effect. Neurosci Lett. 2014 Jun 20;572:13-8.
[5]. Ocsan RJ, et al. Chronic NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) administration in C57BL/6J mice induces a sustained decrease in c-kit positive cells during development of cardiac hypertrophy. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2013 Dec;64(6):727-36.

Background

L-NAME hydrochloride inhibits NOS with an IC50 of 70 μM. L-NAME is a precursor to NOS inhibitor L-NOARG which has an IC50 value of 1.4 μM.

L-arginine analogues are widely used inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, with Nw-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) being at the head[2]. Freshly dissolved L-NAME is a 50 fold less potent inhibitor of purified brain NOS (mean IC50= 70 μM) than L-NOARG (IC50= 1.4 μM), but the apparent inhibitory potency of L-NAME approached that of L-NOARG upon prolonged incubation at neutral or alkaline pH. HPLC analyses reveal that NOS inhibition by L-NAME closely correlated with hydrolysis of the drug to L-NOARG[1].

L-NAME infusion significantly decreases NKT-leukocyte level, tumor-necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha production by T-splenocytes and macrophages, and interferon-gamma production by T-leukocytes, monocytes, and T-splenocytes, as well as increased interleukin-6 production by T-leukocytes and monocytes and nitrate/nitrite production by T-leukocytes[3]. There is increasing evidence that nitric oxide may be involved in learning and memory. l-NAME produces a task-dependent impairment of fear extinction, and implies that nitric oxide signaling is involved in memory process of certain fear extinction tasks[4]. Chronic L-NAME administration induces cardiac hypertrophy in rodent models. Six weeks L-NAME administration induces significant cardiac hypertrophy compared to control hearts[5].

References:
[1]. Pfeiffer S, et al. Inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis by NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME): requirement forbioactivation to the free acid, NG-nitro-L-arginine. Br J Pharmacol. 1996 Jul;118(6):1433-40.
[2]. Kopincová J, et al. L-NAME in the cardiovascular system - nitric oxide synthase activator Pharmacol Rep. 2012;64(3):511-20.
[3]. Lo HC, et al. The Nitric Oxide Synthase Inhibitor NG-Nitro-L-Arginine Methyl Ester Diminishes the Immunomodulatory Effects of Parental Arginine in Rats with Subacute Peritonitis. PLoSOne. 2016 Mar 23;11(3):e0151973.
[4]. Luo H, et al. Effect of nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NAME on fear extinction in rats: a task-dependent effect. Neurosci Lett. 2014 Jun 20;572:13-8.
[5]. Ocsan RJ, et al. Chronic NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) administration in C57BL/6J mice induces a sustained decrease in c-kit positive cells during development of cardiac hypertrophy. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2013 Dec;64(6):727-36.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 51298-62-5 SDF
Synonyms L-NAME, L-NAME HCL
Chemical Name methyl (2S)-2-amino-5-[[amino(nitramido)methylidene]amino]pentanoate;hydrochloride
Canonical SMILES COC(=O)C(CCCN=C(N)N[N+](=O)[O-])N.Cl
Formula C7H15N5O4.HCl M.Wt 269.7
Solubility ≥ 27mg/mL in H2O, ≥ 23 mg/mL in DMSO Storage Stored at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

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