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L-NAME hydrochloride

Catalog No.: GA11233

NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) have been widely used to inhibit constitutive NO synthase (NOS) in different biological systems.

L-NAME hydrochloride Chemical Structure

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Product Documents

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Cell experiment [1]:

Cell lines

Purified brain NOS

Preparation Method

L-NAME hydrochloride was added as 10 fold stock solutions of the respective hydrochlorides freshly prepared in water. For the bioactivation experiments aliquots of 10ul of the buffer,added to 90ul of the NOS reaction mixtures, yielding a theoretial final L-NAME concentration.

Reaction Conditions

0-1mM L-NAME hydrochloride for 24h


Freshly dissolved L-NAME was a inhibitor of purified brain NOS (mean IC50 = 70 μM), the apparent inhibitory potency of L-NAME approached that of L-NOARG upon prolonged incubation at neutral or alkaline pH.

Animal experiment [2]:

Animal models

Adult male Wistar rats (70–100 days of age) 

Preparation Method

Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to control (C), L-NAME (L), chronic aerobic exercise (Ex), and chronic aerobic exercise associated to L-NAME (ExL). Aerobic training was performed with progressive intensity for 12 weeks; L-NAME was administered by orogastric gavage.

Dosage form

1.5 mg/kg/day L-NAME, oral gavage


Low-dose L-NAME alone did not change systolic blood pressure (SBP), but ExL significantly increased SBP at week 8 with normalization after 12 weeks. Furthermore, ExL promoted the elevation of left ventricle (LV) end-diastolic pressure without the presence of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. Time to 50% shortening and relaxation were reduced in ExL, suggesting a cardiomyocyte contractile improvement. In conclusion, the association of chronic aerobic exercise and low-dose L-NAME prevented cardiac pathological remodeling and induced cardiomyocyte contractile function improvement


[1]. Pfeiffer S, Leopold E, et al. Inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis by NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME): requirement for bioactivation to the free acid, NG-nitro-L-arginine. Br J Pharmacol. 1996 Jul;118(6):1433-40. 

[2]. Luchi TC, Coelho PM, et al. Lima-Leopoldo AP, Lunz W, Leopoldo AS. Chronic aerobic exercise associated to low-dose L-NAME improves contractility without changing calcium handling in rat cardiomyocytes. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2020 Mar 9;53(3):e8761.


NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) have been widely used to inhibit constitutive NO synthase (NOS) in different biological systems. L-NAME commonly used for the induction of NO-deficient hypertension [1].

Freshly dissolved L-NAME was a 50 fold less potent inhibitor of purified brain NOS (mean IC50 = 70 μM) than L-NOARG (IC50 = 1.4 μM), but the apparent inhibitory potency of L-NAME approached that of L-NOARG upon prolonged incubation at neutral or alkaline pH. HPLC analyses revealed that NOS inhibition by L-NAME closely correlated with hydrolysis of the drug to L-NOARG[1].

IL-NAME and the related compound L-NA (100 μM) constricted pressurized vessels (Sprague–Dawley rats) with myogenic tone. Removal of the endothelium did not cause constriction or alter myogenic tone, however the constrictor effect of L-NAME persisted. The constrictor effect of L-NAME was abolished by L-arginine (1 mM)[2].

[1]: Pfeiffer S, Leopold E, et al. Inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis by NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME): requirement for bioactivation to the free acid, NG-nitro-L-arginine. Br J Pharmacol. 1996 Jul;118(6):1433-40.
[2].Murphy TV, Kotecha N, et al. Endothelium-independent constriction of isolated, pressurized arterioles by Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). Br J Pharmacol. 2007 Jul;151(5):602-9. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0707262. Epub 2007 Apr 30.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 51298-62-5 SDF
Chemical Name methyl (2S)-2-amino-5-[[amino(nitramido)methylidene]amino]pentanoate;hydrochloride
Canonical SMILES COC(=O)C(CCCN=C(N)N[N+](=O)[O-])N.Cl
Formula C7H15N5O4.HCl M.Wt 269.7
Solubility ≥ 27mg/mL in Water, ≥ 23 mg/mL in DMSO Storage Stored at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

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Research Update

Hesperidin inhibits L-NAME-induced vascular and renal alterations in rats by suppressing the renin-angiotensin system, transforming growth factor-β1, and oxidative stress

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol2021 Mar;48(3):412-421.PMID: 33185907DOI: 10.1111/1440-1681.13438

The protective effect of hesperidin on vascular and renal alterations and possible underlying mechanisms involved in Nω -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME)-induced hypertensive rats were investigated in this study. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered L-NAME (40 mg/kg/day), L-NAME plus hesperidin (30 mg/kg/day), and L-NAME plus captopril (2.5 mg/kg/day) for 5 weeks. Hesperidin and captopril significantly prevented L-NAME-induced hypertension, vascular and renal dysfunction, intrarenal artery remodelling, glomerular extracellular matrix accumulation, and renal fibrosis. The preventive treatment with hesperidin and captopril also significantly decreased serum angiotensin-converting enzyme activity and plasma transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) levels and downregulated angiotensin II receptor type I and TGF-β1 protein expression in the kidneys. In addition, decreased malondialdehyde levels and increased superoxide dismutase activity in the plasma and kidney were observed after co-treatment with hesperidin or captopril. These findings suggest that hesperidin inhibits L-NAME-induced vascular and renal alterations in rats. The possible mechanism may be related to the suppression of the activation of the renin-angiotensin system and expression of TGF-β1, and reduction of oxidative stress.

Effect of 20-HETE inhibition on L-NAME-induced hypertension in rats

Clin Exp Hypertens2018;40(3):292-302.PMID: 29087727DOI: 10.1080/10641963.2017.1368540

20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoicacid (20-HETE) is an important mediator that regulates vascular tone and blood pressure (BP). Although various experimental animal hypertension models demonstrated that 20-HETE contributes to increased vascular resistance and BP, these effects have not been studied in Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME)-induced hypertension model. In this study, we investigated the effects of 20-HETE on the vascular responsiveness and BP in an L-NAME-induced hypertension. Wistar Albino rats were used in this study. Hypertension was induced by the addition of L-NAME to drinking water for 5 weeks. The study was performed in three stages: first, BP changes were monitored in real time in the presence of 20-HETE enzymatic inhibitor, N-hydroxy-N´-(4-butly-2-methylphenyl)-formamidine (HET-0016) for 1 h. Second, vascular responses of the conduit and resistance arteries were investigated in the presence or absence of HET-0016 in the organ bath. Third, BP was monitored weekly in some hypertensive animals treated with HET-0016 and vascular responses were investigated at the end of the experiment. We demonstrated an increase in 20-HETE levels in the resistance arteries of hypertensive animals. 20-HETE inhibition by HET-0016 significantly decreased BP in L-NAME-induced hypertension model. In addition, HET-0016 treatment caused significant improvement in vascular dilator and constrictor responses in the conduit and resistance arteries. This study demonstrates an important role of 20-HETE in increasing BP and altering vascular responsiveness in L-NAME-induced hypertension model, which suggests a possible involvement of 20-HETE in essential hypertension development in humans.

Clitoria ternatea L. extract prevents kidney damage by suppressing the Ang II/Nox4/oxidative stress cascade in l-NAME-induced hypertension model of rats

Ann Anat2021 Nov;238:151783.PMID: 34144158DOI: 10.1016/j.aanat.2021.151783

Clitoria ternatia L. (CT) has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. This study investigated the effect of CT aqueous flower extract on blood pressure and renal alterations in Nω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (l-NAME)-induced hypertensive rats. Male Sprague Dawley rats received l-NAME in drinking water and were treated with CT flower extract or lisinopril. CT aqueous flower extract and lisinopril alleviated l-NAME-induced hypertension (p < 0.05). Glomerular extracellular matrix accumulation, renal fibrosis, and increased serum creatinine levels were observed in l-NAME-induced hypertensive rats and attenuated by CT flower extract or lisinopril co-treatment (p < 0.05). High levels of plasma angiotensin II (Ang II) and upregulated nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 4 (Nox4) protein expression in the kidneys induced by l-NAME were alleviated by CT flower extract or lisinopril co-treatment (p < 0.05). Furthermore, CT flower extract and lisinopril treatment reduced lipid peroxidation and elevated plasma and kidney malondialdehyde levels in l-NAME-induced hypertensive rats (p < 0.05). In conclusion, CT flower extract prevented l-NAME-induced renal injury and dysfunction in rats. The possible mechanism may be related to the suppression of Ang II-mediated Nox4 expression and the oxidative stress cascade in rats.

Cyperus esculentus L. and Tetracarpidium conophorum Müll. Arg. Supplemented Diet Improved Testosterone Levels, Modulated Ectonucleotidases and Adenosine Deaminase Activities in Platelets from L-NAME-Stressed Rats

Nutrients2021 Oct 8;13(10):3529.PMID: 34684530DOI: 10.3390/nu13103529

In hypertensive individuals, platelet morphology and function have been discovered to be altered, and this has been linked to the development of vascular disease, including erectile dysfunction (ED). The impact of nutritional supplementation with Cyperus esculentus (tiger nut, TN) and Tetracarpidium conophorum (walnut, WN) on androgen levels, ectonucleotidases, and adenosine deaminase (ADA) activities in platelets from L-NAME (Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride) challenged rats were investigated. We hypothesized that these nuts may show a protective effect on platelets aggregation and possibly enhance the sex hormones, thereby reverting vasoconstriction. Wistar rats (male; 250-300 g; n = 10) were grouped into seven groups as follows: basal diet control group (I); basal diet/L-NAME/Viagra (5 mg/kg/day) as positive control group (II); ED-induced group (basal diet/L-NAME) (III); diet supplemented processed TN (20%)/L-NAME (IV); diet supplemented raw TN (20%)/L-NAME (V); diet supplemented processed WN (20%)/L-NAME (VI); and diet supplemented raw WN (20%)/L-NAME (VII). The rats were given their regular diet for 2 weeks prior to actually receiving L-NAME (40 mg/kg/day) for ten days to induce hypertension. Platelet androgen levels, ectonucleotidases, and ADA were all measured. L-NAME considerably lowers testosterone levels (54.5 ± 2.2; p < 0.05). Supplementing the TN and WN diets revealed improved testosterone levels as compared to the control (306.7 ± 5.7), but luteinizing hormone levels remained unchanged. Compared to control groups, the L-NAME-treated group showed a rise in ATP (127.5%) hydrolysis and ADA (116.7%) activity, and also a decrease in ADP (76%) and AMP (45%) hydrolysis. Both TN and WN supplemented diets resulted in substantial (p < 0.05) reversal effects. Enhanced testosterone levels and modulation of the purinergic system in platelets by TN and WN could be one of the mechanisms by which they aid in vasoconstriction control.

Effect of Lutein on L-NAME-Induced Hypertensive Rats

Korean J Physiol Pharmacol2013 Aug;17(4):339-45.PMID: 23946694DOI: 10.4196/kjpp.2013.17.4.339

We investigated the antihypertensive effect of lutein on N(G) -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME)-induced hypertensive rats. Daily oral administration of L-NAME (40 mg/kg)-induced a rapid progressive increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP). L-NAME significantly increased MAP from the first week compared to that in the control and reached 193.3±9.6 mmHg at the end of treatment. MAP in the lutein groups was dose-dependently lower than that in the L-NAME group. Similar results were observed for systolic and diastolic blood pressure of L-NAME-induced hypertensive rats. The control group showed little change in heart rate for 3 weeks, whereas L-NAME significantly reduced heart rate from 434±26 to 376±33 beats/min. Lutein (2 mg/kg) significantly prevented the reduced heart rate induced by L-NAME. L-NAME caused hypertrophy of heart and kidney, and increased plasma lipid peroxidation four-fold but significantly reduced plasma nitrite and glutathione concentrations, which were significantly prevented by lutein in a dose-dependent manner. These findings suggest that lutein affords significant antihypertensive and antioxidant effects against L-NAME-induced hypertension in rats.


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