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Melanocyte stimulating hormone release inhibiting factor

Catalog No.: GP10066

Melanocyte stimulating hormone release inhibiting factor (Melanostatin), an endogenous brain peptide, is a potent dopamine receptor allosteric modulator.

Melanocyte stimulating hormone release inhibiting factor Chemical Structure

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

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Background

Melanocyte stimulating hormone release inhibiting factor,(C13H24N4O3), a tri-peptide with the sequence H2N-Pro-Leu-Gly-amide, MW= 284.35. Melanocyte-inhibiting factor (also known as Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2, Melanostatin, MSH release-inhibiting hormone or MIF-1) is an endogenous peptide fragment derived from cleavage of the hormone oxytocin, but having generally different actions in the body(1). MIF-1 produces multiple effects, both blocking the effects of opioid receptor activation(2), while at the same time acting as a positive allosteric modulator of the D2 and D4 dopamine receptor subtypes, as well as inhibiting release of other neuropeptides such as alpha-MSH, and potentiating melatonin activity(3). MIF-1 is unusually resistant to metabolism in the bloodstream, and crosses the blood–brain barrier easily, though it is poorly active orally and is usually injected.

A1121_1

Figure1  Formula of Melanocyte stimulating hormone release inhibiting factor

Ref:

1. Celis ME, Taleisnik S, Walter R (July 1971). "Regulation of formation and proposed structure of the factor inhibiting the release of melanocyte-stimulating hormone". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 68 (7): 1428–33.

2. Contreras PC, Takemori AE (June 1984). "Effect of prolyl-leucyl-glycinamide and alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone on levorphanol-induced analgesia, tolerance and dependence". Life Sciences 34 (26): 2559–66.

3. Sandyk R (May 1990). "MIF-induced augmentation of melatonin functions: possible relevance to mechanisms of action of MIF-1 inmovement disorders". The International Journal of Neuroscience 52 (1-2): 59–65.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 2002-44-0 SDF
Synonyms Pro-Leu-Gly
Chemical Name (2S)-N-[(2S)-1-[(2-amino-2-oxoethyl)amino]-4-methyl-1-oxopentan-2-yl]pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
Canonical SMILES CC(C)CC(C(=O)NCC(=O)N)NC(=O)C1CCCN1
Formula C13H24N4O3 M.Wt 284.36
Solubility ≥ 59.1mg/mL in DMSO Storage Desiccate at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

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