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Paclitaxel (Taxol) Catalog No.GC12511

Antineoplastic agent

Size Price Stock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
$41.00
In stock
50mg
$37.00
In stock
100mg
$57.00
In stock
500mg
$105.00
In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Product Citations

Quality Control

Quality Control & SDS

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Protocol

Cell experiment: [1]

Cell lines

Human arterial endothelial (haEC) cells

Preparation method

The solubility of this compound in DMSO is >10 mM. General tips for obtaining a higher concentration: Please warm the tube at 37 °C for 10 minutes and/or shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20°C for several months.

Reaction Conditions

1 μM, 24 hours

Applications

Nonstop and single-dose (24-hour) applications were performed and cell proliferation was determined after 6 days by use of cell counting, BrdU-ELISA and MTT tests. A dose-dependent, significant growth inhibition occurred at high concentrations (0.01 to 1.0 μmol/L), whereas lower paclitaxel doses (0.1 to 1.0 nmol/L) did not inhibit haEC growth significantly. Furthermore, no unspecific cytotoxic effects were observed within this concentration range.

Animal experiment: [2]

Animal models

Female CB17 SCID mice

Dosage form

Intravenous injection, 12.5 mg per kg body weight

Applications

In mice treated with paclitaxel, the interface between tumor and dermal graft was ill defined, and small groups of tumor cells were seen within the human dermis and were surrounded by dilated vessels. Quantification of vessel cross-sections confirmed the histologic impression: numbers of vessels per high power field were significantly less in LP-treated mice compared with paclitaxel- and liposome-treated mice, respectively.

Other notes

Please test the solubility of all compounds indoor, and the actual solubility may slightly differ with the theoretical value. This is caused by an experimental system error and it is normal.

References:

[1] Axel D I, Kunert W, Göggelmann C, et al. Paclitaxel inhibits arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration in vitro and in vivo using local drug delivery. Circulation, 1997, 96(2): 636-645.

[2] Kunstfeld R, Wickenhauser G, Michaelis U, et al. Paclitaxel encapsulated in cationic liposomes diminishes tumor angiogenesis and melanoma growth in a “humanized” SCID mouse model. Journal of investigative dermatology, 2003, 120(3): 476-482.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 33069-62-4 SDF
Synonyms Taxol
Chemical Name N/A
Canonical SMILES O=C(N[C@H]([C@H](C(O[C@H]1C[C@]2(O)C(C)(C)C([C@@H](OC(C)=O)C([C@@]3(C)[C@]([C@@](CO4)(OC(C)=O)[C@H]4C[C@@H]3O)([H])[C@@H]2OC(C5=CC=CC=C5)=O)=O)=C1C)=O)O)C6=CC=CC=C6)C7=CC=CC=C7
Formula C47H51NO14 M.Wt 853.91
Solubility ≥42.6955mg/mL in DMSO, ≥31.6 mg/mL in EtOH with ultrasonic, <4.46 mg/mL in H2O Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
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Background

Paclitaxel (Taxol), a naturally occurring antineoplastic agent, stabilizes tubulin polymerization, resulting in arrest at the G2/M phase of the cell cycle and apoptotic cell death[1][2].

Paclitaxel (20 nM; 48 hours) induces programmed cell death and exists a block at the G2/M phase of the cell cycle[1].Paclitaxel (20 nM; 48 hours) induces a consistent increase in the level of p53[1].

Paclitaxel (1-20 mg/kg; i.p.; 1 time/2 days for five cycles) obviously induces liver metastases at the low-Paclitaxel group with little influence on primary tumor growth[3].

References:
[1]. Choi YH, et al. Taxol-induced growth arrest and apoptosis is associated with the upregulation of the Cdk inhibitor, p21WAF1/CIP1, in human breast cancer cells. Oncol Rep. 2012 Dec;28(6):2163-9.
[2]. Dziadyk JM, et al. Paclitaxel-induced apoptosis may occur without a prior G2/M-phase arrest. Anticancer Res. 2004 Jan-Feb;24(1):27-36.
[3]. Li Q, et al. Low doses of paclitaxel enhance liver metastasis of breast cancer cells in the mouse model. FEBS J. 2016 Aug;283(15):2836-52.
[4]. Pan Z, et al. Paclitaxel attenuates Bcl-2 resistance to apoptosis in breast cancer cells through an endoplasmic reticulum-mediated calciumrelease in a dosage dependent manner. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013 Feb 13. pii: S0006-291X(13)00259-3.
[5]. Cadamuro M, et al. Low dose paclitaxel reduces S100A4 nuclear import to inhibit invasion and hematogenous metastasis of cholangiocarcinoma. Cancer Res. 2016 Jun 21.
[6]. Li Q, et al. Low doses of paclitaxel enhance liver metastasis of breast cancer cells in the mouse model. FEBS J. 2016 Jun 16.
[7]. Yilmaz E, et al. Sensory neuron subpopulation-specific dysregulation of intracellular calcium in a rat model of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. Neuroscience. 2015 Aug 6;300:210-8.
[8]. Jing C, et al. Lenvatinib enhances the antitumor effects of paclitaxel in anaplastic thyroid cancer. Am J Cancer Res. 2017 Apr 1;7(4):903-912.