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Picroside II

Catalog No.GN10778

Picroside II Chemical Structure

protects against oxidative stress induced by hypoxia/ reoxygenation (H/R) injury

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10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

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EC50: 50 g/mL

PicrosideII is a major an iridoid glucoside isolated from Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora Pennell (Scrophulariaceae). Previous studies have shown that picroside II can protect cardiomyocytes against oxidative stress induced by hypoxia/ reoxygenation (H/R) injury.

In vitro: Pretreated cardiomyocytes with picroside II was found to inhibit LDH activity in culture media and increase cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Such protective effect was accompanied with significant reduction of GSH contents and the activities of SOD and GSH-Px. Attenuated MDA and GSSG contents in response to H/R injury were observed as well. In addition, picroside II treatment also inhibited calcium accumulation and ROS production in cardiomyocytes. [1].

In vivo: A rat focal cerebral ischemic model was established, and picroside II were given intraperitoneally. Results indicated that the damage to the structures of the neurons and the blood brain barrier (BBB) in the cortex was more severe in the model group. In the picroside II treatment group, the neurological function, the morphology and ultrastructure of the neurons, and the BBB were improved. In addition, apoptotic cell number, cerebral infarct volume, EAR and pERK1/2 expression were decreased significantly compared to the model group [2].

Clinical trial: N/A

[1] Meng FJ,Hou ZW,Li Y,Yang Y,Yu B.  The protective effect of picroside II against hypoxia/reoxygenation injury in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Pharm Biol.2012 Oct;50(10):1226-32.
[2] Wang T,Zhao L,Guo Y,Zhang M,Pei H.  Picroside II Inhibits Neuronal Apoptosis and Improves the Morphology and Structure of Brain Tissue following Cerebral Ischemic Injury in Rats. PLoS One.2015 Apr 30;10(4):e0124099.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 39012-20-9 SDF
Synonyms 6-Vanilloylcatalpol
Chemical Name [1a-(hydroxymethyl)-2-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy-2,5a,6,6a-tetrahydro-1bH-oxireno[5,6]cyclopenta[1,3-c]pyran-6-yl] 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoate
Canonical SMILES COC1=C(C=CC(=C1)C(=O)OC2C3C=COC(C3C4(C2O4)CO)OC5C(C(C(C(O5)CO)O)O)O)O
Formula C23H28O13 M.Wt 512.46
Solubility ≥ 22.9mg/mL in DMSO Storage 4°C, protect from light
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

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Average Rating: 5 ★★★★★ (Based on Reviews and 37 reference(s) in Google Scholar.)

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