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Benactyzine hydrochloride

Catalog No.GC31193

Benactyzine hydrochloride is a butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitor with a Ki of 0.010 mM.

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Benactyzine hydrochloride Chemical Structure

Cas No.: 57-37-4

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10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
$50.00
In stock
100mg
$45.00
In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Product Documents

Quality Control & SDS

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Protocol

Kinase experiment:

Butyrylcholinesterase activity is measured spectrophotometrically with spectrophotometer using butyrylthiocholine iodide (BTCh) as substrate. In the kinetic studies, initial velocities are measured at 37°C by using 0.25 mM 5,5’-dithio-bis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB) in 5 mM 3-(N-morpholino)propanesulfonic acid (MOPS) buffer, pH 7.5, and appropriate concentrations of Benactyzine hydrochloride and drofenine solutions prepared in water, as a function of BTCh concentration from 0.25 to 5.0 mM BTCh in 0.5 mL final volume of assay mixture (0.5 mL assay mixture contains 1.56 mg purified enzyme). Assays are carried out in duplicate and activities are measured for up to 90 s[1].

Animal experiment:

Experiments are carried out in 36 cats of both sexes weighing 1.8 to 4 kg in a free-behavior situation. The experiments are carried out in the following order: after the first micro-injection of acetylcholine and/or serotonin and/or noradrenaline (200 μg) into the amygdala the changes in the behavior, autonomic reactions and EEG are recorded for a period of 10 min and then followed by intramuscular injections of imipramine and/or Benactyzine hydrochloride and/or promazine and/or saline (in control experiments). The second micro-injection of neurohormones (200 μg) into the amygdala is performed in 45 rain after the intramuscular injection of drugs and/or saline, and the effect is compared with the previous one, induced by the first micro-injection[2].

References:

[1]. Bodur E, et al. Inhibition effects of benactyzine and drofenine on human serum butyrylcholinesterase. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2001 Feb 1;386(1):25-9.
[2]. Allikmets LH, et al. Dissimilar influences of imipramine, benactyzine and promazine on effects of micro-injections ofnoradrenaline, acetylcholine and serotonin into the amygdala in the cat. Psychopharmacologia. 1969;15(5):392-403.

Background

Benactyzine hydrochloride is a butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitor with a Ki of 0.010 mM.

Benactyzine hydrochloride and drofenine are widely used anticholinergic drugs which are also competitive inhibitors of BChE with Ki values of 0.010±0.001 and 0.003±0.000 mM, respectively. Results indicate that the inhibition of BChE by Benactyzine hydrochloride is pure or partial competitive. Pure competitive inhibition can be distinguished from partial competitive inhibition by plotting v vs [Benactyzine] at a fixed [BTCh][1].

Benactyzine hydrochloride (1 mg/kg) does not influence the attention response. Benactyzine hydrochloride increases the duration of the exploratory-motor reaction, but slightly diminishes the salivation elicited by acetylcholine. There is no blocking effect of Benactyzine hydrochloride and promazine on the EEG-seizure activity elicited by acetylcholine, and almost no inhibitory effect on emotional reactions. Emotional reactions are blocked by high doses of imipramine and promazine, but not by Benactyzine hydrochloride. The data indicates that imipramine, promazine and Benactyzine hydrochloride influence the autonomic effects of serotonin in different ways. Promazine, and especially Benactyzine hydrochloride, inhibit and shorten the period of salivation elicited by the intra-amygdaloid injection of serotonin[2].

[1]. Bodur E, et al. Inhibition effects of benactyzine and drofenine on human serum butyrylcholinesterase. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2001 Feb 1;386(1):25-9. [2]. Allikmets LH, et al. Dissimilar influences of imipramine, benactyzine and promazine on effects of micro-injections ofnoradrenaline, acetylcholine and serotonin into the amygdala in the cat. Psychopharmacologia. 1969;15(5):392-403.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 57-37-4 SDF
Canonical SMILES O=C(OCCN(CC)CC)C(C1=CC=CC=C1)(O)C2=CC=CC=C2.[H]Cl
Formula C20H26ClNO3 M.Wt 363.88
Solubility DMSO : 150 mg/mL (412.22 mM) Storage Store at -20°C
General tips Please select the appropriate solvent to prepare the stock solution according to the solubility of the product in different solvents; once the solution is prepared, please store it in separate packages to avoid product failure caused by repeated freezing and thawing.Storage method and period of the stock solution: When stored at -80°C, please use it within 6 months; when stored at -20°C, please use it within 1 month.
To increase solubility, heat the tube to 37°C and then oscillate in an ultrasonic bath for some time.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution: shipped with blue ice. All other sizes available: with RT, or with Blue Ice upon request.
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Research Update

Effects of benactyzine hydrochloride on dynamic vision functions

We have investigated the effects of an anticholinergic drug, benactyzine HCl on vision and vision function. Our experiments assess the time course and severity of benactyzine effects on visual acuity for static and moving targets, amplitude and dynamics of accommodation, pupil response to light and the spatial contrast sensitivity function. A single dose of the drug (4.14 mg/70 kg body weight, which is within the therapeutic range) and placebo were administered intramuscularly to 12 subjects. Large and significant decrements in visual function were demonstrated after the administration of benactyzine, particularly for those functions performed at near focus. The drug effect was rapid in onset, beginning 7-10 min after injection, peaked at approximately 30-40 min, and declined to baseline values over the next 2 h. The drug increased pulse rate and blood pressure, and induced an intoxicated state involving loss of concentration, attention, and short-term memory.

A clinical report on benactyzine hydrochloride

Benactyzine hydrochloride; the treatment of one hundred hospitalized patients

Benactyzine hydrochloride (suavitil) in out-patient psychiatric treatment: preliminary study

[Kinetics of decomposition of benzilic acid esters. 3. Study of kinetics of decomposition of benactyzine hydrochloride and methyliodide and diphemin hydrochloride]

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