Home >> Signaling Pathways >> TGF-β / Smad Signaling

TGF-β / Smad Signaling

Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional cytokine that regulates proliferation, migration, differentiation, and survival of many different cell types. Deletion or mutation of different members of the TGF-β family have been shown to cause vascular remodeling defect and absence of mural cell formation, leading to embryonic lethality or severe vascular disorders. TGF-β induces smooth muscle differentiation via Notch or SMAD2 and SMAD3 signaling in ES cells or in a neural crest stem cell line. TGF-β binds to TGF-βRI and to induce phosphorylation of SMAD2/3, thereby inhibiting proliferation, tube formation, and migration of endothelial cells (ECs).

TGF-β is a pluripotent cytokine with dual tumour-suppressive and tumour-promoting effects. TGF-β induces the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) leading to increased cell plasticity at the onset of cancer cell invasion and metastasis.

Products for  TGF-β / Smad Signaling

  1. Cat.No. Product Name Information
  2. GC68339 Ponsegromab Ponsegromab  Chemical Structure
  3. GC68333 Disitertide diammonium Disitertide diammonium  Chemical Structure
  4. GC67686 PKCiota-IN-2 formic PKCiota-IN-2 formic  Chemical Structure
  5. GC66338 ROCK1-IN-1 ROCK1-IN-1 is a ROCK1 inhibitor with a Ki value of 540 nM. ROCK1-IN-1 can be used for the research of hypertension, glaucoma and erectile dysfunction. ROCK1-IN-1  Chemical Structure
  6. GC66050 Rho-Kinase-IN-2 Rho-Kinase-IN-2 (Compound 23) is an orally active, selective, and central nervous system (CNS)-penetrant Rho Kinase (ROCK) inhibitor (ROCK2 IC50=3 nM). Rho-Kinase-IN-2 can be used in Huntington's research. Rho-Kinase-IN-2  Chemical Structure
  7. GC66006 Protein kinase inhibitor H-7 Protein kinase inhibitor H-7 is a potent inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC) and cyclic nucleotide dependent protein kinase, with a Ki of 6 μM for PKC. Protein kinase inhibitor H-7  Chemical Structure
  8. GC65592 SNIPER(ABL)-020 SNIPER(ABL)-020, conjugating Dasatinib (ABL inhibitor) to Bestatin (IAP ligand) with a linker, induces the reduction of BCR-ABL protein. SNIPER(ABL)-020  Chemical Structure
  9. GC65585 Mongersen Mongersen (GED-0301) is a specific and orally active SMAD7 antisense oligonucleotide. Mongersen  Chemical Structure
  10. GC65539 Fresolimumab Fresolimumab (GC1008) is a high-affinity fully human monoclonal antibody that neutralizes the active form of human TGFβ1, TGFβ2, and TGFβ3. Fresolimumab  Chemical Structure
  11. GC65329 EW-7195 EW-7195 is a potent and selective ALK5 (TGFβR1) inhibitor with an IC50 of 4.83 nM. EW-7195 has >300-fold selectivity for ALK5 over p38α. EW-7195 efficiently inhibits TGF-β1-induced Smad signaling, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and breast tumour metastasis to the lung. EW-7195  Chemical Structure
  12. GC65294 ALK2-IN-2 ALK2-IN-2 is a potent and selective inhibitor of activin receptor-like kinase 2 (ALK2) with an IC50 of 9 nM, and over 700-fold selectivity against ALK3. ALK2-IN-2  Chemical Structure
  13. GC65126 PKC-iota inhibitor 1 PKC-iota inhibitor 1 (compound 19) is a protein kinase C-iota (PKC-ι ?) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 0.34 μM. PKC-iota inhibitor 1  Chemical Structure
  14. GC64815 Aurothiomalate sodium Aurothiomalate sodium is a potent and selective oncogenic PKCι signaling inhibitor. Aurothiomalate sodium  Chemical Structure
  15. GC64462 Asciminib hydrochloride Asciminib (ABL001) hydrochloride is a potent and selective allosteric BCR-ABL1 inhibitor, which inhibits Ba/F3 cells grown with an IC50 of 0.25 nM. Asciminib hydrochloride  Chemical Structure
  16. GC64326 Hydrochlorothiazid-d2 Hydrochlorothiazid-d2  Chemical Structure
  17. GC64263 Kobophenol A Kobophenol A, an oligomeric stilbene, blocks the interaction between the ACE2 receptor and S1-RBD with an IC50 of 1.81 μM and inhibits SARS-CoV-2 viral infection in cells with an EC50 of 71.6 μM. Kobophenol A  Chemical Structure
  18. GC63778 Myelin Basic Protein TFA Myelin Basic Protein (MHP4-14) TFA, a synthetic peptide comprising residues 4-14 of myelin basic protein, is a very selective PKC substrate (Km=7 μM). Myelin Basic Protein TFA  Chemical Structure
  19. GC63439 Sangivamycin Sangivamycin (NSC 65346), a nucleoside analog, is a potent inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC) with an Ki of 10 μM. Sangivamycin has potent antiproliferative activity against a variety of human cancers. Sangivamycin  Chemical Structure
  20. GC63177 Ruboxistaurin Ruboxistaurin (LY333531) is an orally active, selective PKC beta inhibitor (Ki=2 nM). Ruboxistaurin  Chemical Structure
  21. GC62868 BIO-013077-01 BIO-013077-01 is a pyrazole TGF-β inhibitor. BIO-013077-01  Chemical Structure
  22. GC49269 Myr-ZIP A PKMζ inhibitor Myr-ZIP  Chemical Structure
  23. GC62612 CC-90005 CC-90005 is a potent, selective and orally active inhibitor of protein kinase C-θ (PKC-θ), with an IC50 of 8 nM. CC-90005  Chemical Structure
  24. GC62478 ζ-Stat ζ-Stat (NSC37044) is a specific and atypical PKC-ζ inhibitor, with an IC50 of 5 μM. ζ-Stat can reduce melanoma cell lines proliferation and induce apoptosis, and has antitumor activity in vitro. ζ-Stat  Chemical Structure
  25. GC62146 XST-14 XST-14 is a potent, competitive and highly selective ULK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 26.6 nM. XST-14 induces autophagy inhibition by reducing the phosphorylation of the ULK1 downstream substrate. XST-14 induces apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and has antitumor effects. XST-14  Chemical Structure
  26. GC61776 Ingenol 3,20-dibenzoate Ingenol 3,20-dibenzoate is a potent protein kinase C (PKC) isoform-selective agonist. Ingenol 3,20-dibenzoate  Chemical Structure
  27. GC61585 Pep2m, myristoylated TFA Pep2m, myristoylated TFA (Myr-Pep2m TFA) is a cell-permeable peptide. Pep2m, myristoylated TFA  Chemical Structure
  28. GC50704 CRT 0066854 hydrochloride CRT 0066854 hydrochloride is a potent and selective atypical PKCs inhibitor. CRT 0066854 hydrochloride  Chemical Structure
  29. GC60782 Disitertide TFA Disitertide (P144) TFA is a peptidic transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) inhibitor specifically designed to block the interaction with its receptor. Disitertide (P144) TFA is also a PI3K inhibitor and an apoptosis inducer. Disitertide TFA  Chemical Structure
  30. GC60274 O-Desmethyl Midostaurin O-Desmethyl Midostaurin (CGP62221; O-Desmethyl PKC412) is the active metabolite of Midostaurin via cytochrome P450 liver enzyme metabolism. O-Desmethyl Midostaurin can be used as an indicator for Midostaurin metabolism in vivo. Midostaurin is a multi-targeted protein kinase inhibitor?with?IC50?ranging from 22-500 nM. O-Desmethyl Midostaurin  Chemical Structure
  31. GC60210 Isosaponarin Isosaponarin is a flavone glycoside isolated from wasabi leaves. Isosaponarin  Chemical Structure
  32. GC60037 A-3 hydrochloride A-3 hydrochloride is a potent, cell-permeable, reversible, ATP-competitive non-selective antagonist of various kinases. A-3 hydrochloride  Chemical Structure
  33. GC39398 LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin (TSP-1) (TFA) LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin (TSP-1) TFA is a latency-associated protein (LAP)-TGFβ derived tetrapeptide and a competitive TGF-β1 antagonist. LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin (TSP-1) TFA inhibits the binding of TSP-1 to LAP and alleviates renal interstitial fibrosis and hepatic fibrosis. LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin (TSP-1) TFA suppresses subarachnoid fibrosis via inhibition of TSP-1-mediated TGF-β1 activity, prevents the development of chronic hydrocephalus and improves long-term neurocognitive defects following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin (TSP-1) TFA can readily crosse the blood-brain barrier. LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin (TSP-1) (TFA)  Chemical Structure
  34. GC50593 BMP signaling agonist sb4

    Potent BMP4 agonist

    BMP signaling agonist sb4  Chemical Structure
  35. GC50589 AZ 12799734 Potent TGF-βRI inhibitor AZ 12799734  Chemical Structure
  36. GC50317 IN 1130 Potent and selective inhibitor of TGF-βRI IN 1130  Chemical Structure
  37. GC38931 N-Desmethyltamoxifen hydrochloride N-Desmethyltamoxifen hydrochloride is the major metabolite of tamoxifen in humans. N-Desmethyltamoxifen, a poor antiestrogen, is a ten-fold more potent protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor than Tamoxifen. N-Desmethyltamoxifen hydrochloride is also a potent regulator of ceramide metabolism in human AML cells, limiting ceramide glycosylation, hydrolysis, and sphingosine phosphorylation. N-Desmethyltamoxifen hydrochloride  Chemical Structure
  38. GC38898 CCG-222740 CCG-222740 is an orally active and selective Rho/myocardin-related transcription factor (MRTF) pathway inhibitor. CCG-222740 is also a potent inhibitor of alpha-smooth muscle actin protein expression. CCG-222740 effectively reduces fibrosis in skin and blocks melanoma metastasis. CCG-222740  Chemical Structure
  39. GC38791 GSK-25 GSK-25 is a potent, selective and orally bioavailable ROCK1 inhibitor (IC50=7 nM). GSK-25  Chemical Structure
  40. GC45828 Ponatinib-d8 An internal standard for the quantification of ponatinib Ponatinib-d8  Chemical Structure
  41. GC38482 Desmethylglycitein Desmethylglycitein (4',6,7-Trihydroxyisoflavone), a metabolite of daidzein, sourced from Glycine max with antioxidant, and anti-cancer activities.Desmethylglycitein binds directly to CDK1 and CDK2 in vivo, resulting in the suppresses CDK1 and CDK2 activity. Desmethylglycitein is a direct inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC)α, against solar UV (sUV)-induced matrix matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1). Desmethylglycitein binds to PI3K in an ATP competitive manner in the cytosol, where it inhibits the activity of PI3K and downstream signaling cascades, leading to the suppression of adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Desmethylglycitein  Chemical Structure
  42. GC38388 DCPLA-ME DCPLA-ME, the methyl ester form of DCPLA, is a potent PKCε activator for use in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. DCPLA-ME  Chemical Structure
  43. GC38186 Daphnoretin A coumarin with diverse biological activities Daphnoretin  Chemical Structure
  44. GC38085 Decursinol angelate Decursinol angelate, a cytotoxic and protein kinase C (PKC) activating agent from the root of Angelica gigas, possesses anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory activities. Decursinol angelate  Chemical Structure
  45. GC45414 CRT0066854   CRT0066854  Chemical Structure
  46. GC37947 Y-33075 Y-33075 is a selective ROCK inhibitor derived from Y-27632, and is more potent than Y-27632, with an IC50 of 3.6 nM. Y-33075  Chemical Structure
  47. GC37880 Vactosertib Hydrochloride Vactosertib Hydrochloride (EW-7197 Hydrochloride) is a potent, orally active and ATP-competitive activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK5) inhibitor with an IC50 of 12.9 nM. Vactosertib Hydrochloride also inhibits ALK2 and ALK4 (IC50 of 17.3 nM) at nanomolar concentrations. Vactosertib Hydrochloride has potently antimetastatic activity and anticancer effect. Vactosertib Hydrochloride  Chemical Structure
  48. GC37551 ROCK inhibitor-2 ROCK inhibitor-2 is a selective dual ROCK1 and ROCK2 inhibitor with IC50s of 17 nM and 2 nM, respectively. ROCK inhibitor-2  Chemical Structure
  49. GC37534 Ripasudil free base Ripasudil free base (K-115 free base) is a specific inhibitor of ROCK, with IC50s of 19 and 51 nM for ROCK2 and ROCK1, respectively. Ripasudil free base  Chemical Structure
  50. GC37015 Protein Kinase C 19-36 Protein Kinase C 19-36 is a pseudosubstrate peptide inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC), with an IC50 of 0.18 μM. Protein Kinase C 19-36  Chemical Structure
  51. GC37014 Protein Kinase C 19-31 Protein Kinase C 19-31, a peptide inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC), derived from the pseudo-substrate regulatory domain of PKCa (residues 19-31) with a serine at position 25 replacing the wild-type alanine, is used as protein kinase C substrate peptide for testing the protein kinase C activity. Protein Kinase C 19-31  Chemical Structure
  52. GC36974 Procyanidin A1 Procyanidin A1 (Proanthocyanidin A1) is a procyanidin dimer, which inhibits degranulation downstream of protein kinase C activation or Ca2+ influx from an internal store in RBL-213 cells. Procyanidin A1  Chemical Structure
  53. GC36833 p32 Inhibitor M36 p32 inhibitor M36 (M36) is a p32 mitochondrial protein inhibitor, which binds directly to p32 and inhibits p32 association with LyP-1. p32 Inhibitor M36  Chemical Structure
  54. GC36807 ON 146040 ON 146040 is a potent PI3Kα and PI3Kδ (IC50≈14 and 20 nM, respectively) inhibitor. ON 146040 also inhibits Abl1 (IC50<150 nM). ON 146040  Chemical Structure
  55. GC36433 LDN193189 Tetrahydrochloride A selective BMP type I receptor inhibitor LDN193189 Tetrahydrochloride  Chemical Structure
  56. GC36282 Hypocrellin A Hypocrellin A, a naturally occurring PKC inhibitor, has many biological and pharmacological properties, such as antitumour, antiviral, antibacterial, and antileishmanial activities. Hypocrellin A  Chemical Structure
  57. GC36208 H-1152 dihydrochloride H-1152 dihydrochloride is a membrane-permeable and selective ROCK inhibitor, with a Ki value of 1.6 nM, and an IC50 value of 12 nM for ROCK2. H-1152 dihydrochloride  Chemical Structure
  58. GC36207 H-1152 H-1152 is a membrane-permeable and selective ROCK inhibitor, with a Ki value of 1.6 nM, and an IC50 value of 12 nM for ROCK2. H-1152  Chemical Structure
  59. GC36167 GMB-475 GMB-475 is a degrader of BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase based on PROTAC, overcoming BCR-ABL1-dependent drug resistance. GMB-475 targets BCR-ABL1 protein and recruits the E3 ligase Von Hippel Lindau (VHL), resulting in ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of the oncogenic fusion protein. GMB-475  Chemical Structure
  60. GC35897 DPH A potent cell permeable c-Abl activator DPH  Chemical Structure
  61. GC35812 Dasatinib hydrochloride A potent and dual AblWT/Src inhibitor Dasatinib hydrochloride  Chemical Structure
  62. GC35753 CT-721 CT-721 is a potent and time-dependent Bcr-Abl kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 21.3 nM for wild-type Bcr-Abl kinase, and possesses anti-chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) activities. CT-721  Chemical Structure
  63. GC35682 CHMFL-ABL/KIT-155 CHMFL-ABL/KIT-155 (CHMFL-ABL-KIT-155; compound 34) is a highly potent and orally active type II ABL/c-KIT dual kinase inhibitor (IC50s of 46 nM and 75 nM, respectively), and it also presents significant inhibitory activities to BLK (IC50=81 nM), CSF1R (IC50=227 nM), DDR1 (IC50=116 nM), DDR2 (IC50=325 nM), LCK (IC50=12 nM) and PDGFRβ (IC50=80 nM) kinases. CHMFL-ABL/KIT-155 (CHMFL-ABL-KIT-155) arrests cell cycle progression and induces apoptosis. CHMFL-ABL/KIT-155  Chemical Structure
  64. GC35651 Cenisertib Cenisertib (AS-703569) is an ATP-competitive multi-kinase inhibitor that blocks the activity of Aurora-kinase-A/B, ABL1, AKT, STAT5 and FLT3. Cenisertib induces major growth-inhibitory effects by blocking the activity of several different molecular targets in neoplastic mast cells (MC). Cenisertib inhibits tumor growth in xenograft models of pancreatic, breast, colon, ovarian, and lung tumors and leukemia. Cenisertib  Chemical Structure
  65. GC35530 BJE6-106 BJE6-106 (B106) is a potent, selective 3rd generation PKCδ inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.05 μM and targets selectivity over classical PKC isozyme PKCα (IC50=50 μM). BJE6-106  Chemical Structure
  66. GC35462 Bafetinib

    Bcr-Abl/Lyn tyrosine kinase inhibitor

    Bafetinib  Chemical Structure
  67. GC35442 Azaindole 1 Azaindole 1 (Azaindole 1; TC-S 7001) is an orally active and ATP-competitive ROCK inhibitor with IC50s of 0.6 and 1.1nM for human ROCK-1 and ROCK-2, respectively. Azaindole 1  Chemical Structure
  68. GC35210 A 83-01 sodium salt A potent inhibitor of TGF-β type I receptor ALK5 kinase A 83-01 sodium salt  Chemical Structure
  69. GC44903 SMAD3 Inhibitor, SIS3 SMAD3 Inhibitor, SIS3 is a potent and selective inhibitor of Smad3 phosphorylation. SMAD3 Inhibitor, SIS3  Chemical Structure
  70. GC44729 Prostratin An HIV reactivator Prostratin  Chemical Structure
  71. GC44655 PKCε Inhibitor Peptide PKCε Inhibitor Peptide (ε-V1-2), a PKCε-derived peptide, is a selective PKCε inhibitor. PKCε Inhibitor Peptide  Chemical Structure
  72. GC44303 N-Acetylpuromycin N-Acetylpuromycin is a non-ribotoxic form of the antibiotic puromycin that is formed in puromycin-resistant S. N-Acetylpuromycin  Chemical Structure
  73. GC43993 K252b K252b is an indolocarbazole isolated from the actinomycete Nocardiopsis, first described as an inhibitor of protein kinase C. K252b  Chemical Structure
  74. GC43286 CMPD101 A GRK2 and GRK3 inhibitor CMPD101  Chemical Structure
  75. GC43105 C8 Ceramide (d18:1.8:0) C8 Ceramide (d18:1.8:0) (N-Octanoyl-D-erythro-sphingosine) is a cell-permeable analog of naturally occurring ceramides. C8 Ceramide (d18:1.8:0)  Chemical Structure
  76. GC42747 Afuresertib (hydrochloride) Afuresertib is a selective, orally bioavailable inhibitor of Akt1, 2, and 3 with Ki values of 0.08, 2, and 2.6 nM, respectively. Afuresertib (hydrochloride)  Chemical Structure
  77. GC41863 10,11-dehydro Curvularin A natural mycotoxin 10,11-dehydro Curvularin  Chemical Structure
  78. GC40928 Trimethylamine N-oxide Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is a product of the oxidation of TMA by flavin-containing mono-oxygenase 3 in the liver. Trimethylamine N-oxide  Chemical Structure
  79. GC40770 L-erythro Sphingosine (d18:1) L-erythro Sphingosine is a synthetic stereoisomer of sphingosine (d18:1). L-erythro Sphingosine (d18:1)  Chemical Structure
  80. GC34493 BIBF0775 BIBF0775 is a potent and selective transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) type I receptor (Alk5) inhibitor with an IC50 of 34 nM. BIBF0775  Chemical Structure
  81. GC40197 Pirfenidone-d5 Pirfenidone-d5 is intended for use as an internal standard for the quantification of pirfenidone by GC- or LC-MS. Pirfenidone-d5  Chemical Structure
  82. GC40080 Bosutinib-d8 Bosutinib-d8 is intended for use as an internal standard for the quantification of bosutinib by GC- or LC-MS. Bosutinib-d8  Chemical Structure
  83. GC34300 AR-13324 analog mesylate AR-13324 analog mesylate  Chemical Structure
  84. GC34060 Disitertide (P144) Disitertide (P144) (P144) is a peptidic transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) inhibitor specifically designed to block the interaction with its receptor. Disitertide (P144) (P144) is also a PI3K inhibitor and an apoptosis inducer. Disitertide (P144)  Chemical Structure
  85. GC33368 BCR-ABL-IN-2 BCR-ABL-IN-2 is an inhibitor of BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase, with IC50s of 57 nM, 773 nm for ABL1native and ABL1T315I, respectively. BCR-ABL-IN-2  Chemical Structure
  86. GC33351 CZC-8004 (CZC-00008004) CZC-8004 (CZC-00008004) (CZC-00008004), an aminopyrimidine, is a pan-kinase inhibitor. CZC-8004 (CZC-00008004) can bind a range of tyrosine kinases, including EGFR and VEGFR2 with IC50 values of 650 and 437 nM, respectively. CZC-8004 (CZC-00008004)  Chemical Structure
  87. GC33343 BCR-ABL-IN-1 BCR-ABL-IN-1 is an inhibitor of BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase, with a pIC50 of 6.46, and may be used in the research of chronic myelogenous leukemia. BCR-ABL-IN-1  Chemical Structure
  88. GC33310 Rho-Kinase-IN-1 Rho-Kinase-IN-1 is a Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor (Ki values of 30.5 and 3.9 nM for ROCK1 and ROCK2, respectively) extracted from US20090325960A1, compound 1.008. Rho-Kinase-IN-1  Chemical Structure
  89. GC33201 GZD856 GZD856 formic is a potent and orally active PDGFRα/β inhibitor, with IC50s of 68.6 and 136.6 nM, respectively. GZD856 formic is also a Bcr-AblT315I inhibitor, with IC50s of 19.9 and 15.4?nM for native Bcr-Abl and the T315I mutant. GZD856 formic has antitumor activity. GZD856  Chemical Structure
  90. GC33120 ZINC00881524 A ROCK inhibitor ZINC00881524  Chemical Structure
  91. GC32914 EMT inhibitor-1 EMT inhibitor-1 is an inhibitor of of Hippo, TGF-β, and Wnt signaling pathways with antitumor activities. EMT inhibitor-1  Chemical Structure
  92. GC32870 Ingenol ((-)-Ingenol) Ingenol ((-)-Ingenol) is a PKC activator, with a Ki of 30 μM, with antitumor activity. Ingenol ((-)-Ingenol)  Chemical Structure
  93. GC32868 BDP5290 BDP5290 is a potent inhibitor of both ROCK and MRCK with IC50s of 5 nM, 50 nM, 10 nM and 100 nM for ROCK1, ROCK2, MRCKα and MRCKβ, respectively. BDP5290  Chemical Structure
  94. GC32867 Flumatinib (HHGV678) Flumatinib (HHGV678) (HHGV678) is an orally available, selective inhibitor of Bcr-Abl. Flumatinib (HHGV678) inhibits c-Abl, PDGFRβ and c-Kit with IC50s of 1.2 nM, 307.6 nM and 665.5 nM, respectively. Flumatinib (HHGV678)  Chemical Structure
  95. GC32840 R-268712 R-268712 is an orally active and selective ALK-5 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 2.5 nM. R-268712  Chemical Structure
  96. GC32811 LXS196 LXS196 (LXS196) is a potent, selective and orally active protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, with IC50 values of 1.9 nM, 0.4 nM and 3.1 μM for PKCα, PKCθ and GSK3β, respectively. LXS196 has the potential for uveal melanoma research. LXS196  Chemical Structure
  97. GC32788 SJ000291942 A BMP signaling activator SJ000291942  Chemical Structure
  98. GC32728 LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin TSP-1 LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin TSP-1 is a latency-associated protein (LAP)-TGFβ derived tetrapeptide and a competitive TGF-β1 antagonist. LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin TSP-1 inhibits the binding of TSP-1 to LAP and alleviates renal interstitial fibrosis and hepatic fibrosis. LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin TSP-1 suppresses subarachnoid fibrosis via inhibition of TSP-1-mediated TGF-β1 activity, prevents the development of chronic hydrocephalus and improves long-term neurocognitive defects following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin TSP-1 can readily crosse the blood-brain barrier. LSKL, Inhibitor of Thrombospondin TSP-1  Chemical Structure
  99. GC32714 Mitoxantrone (mitozantrone) Mitoxantrone (mitozantrone) is a potent topoisomerase II inhibitor. Mitoxantrone (mitozantrone)  Chemical Structure
  100. GC32703 Asciminib (ABL001) Asciminib (ABL001) (ABL001) is a potent and selective allosteric BCR-ABL1 inhibitor, which inhibits Ba/F3 cells grown with an IC50 of 0.25 nM. Asciminib (ABL001)  Chemical Structure
  101. GC32250 Chebulinic acid An ellagitannin with diverse biological activities Chebulinic acid  Chemical Structure

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