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DL-Adrenaline Catalog No.GC13378

Adrenergic receptor agonist

Size Price Stock Qty
50mg
$48.00
In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Quality Control

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Protocol

Animal experiment:

Rats: For the immunohistochemistry experiments, rats receive an immediate post-training subcutaneous injection of saline (0.9%), glucose (250 mg/kg), or epinephrine (0.1 mg/kg) and are then returned to the holding cage[3].

References:

[1]. Alm A, et al. The effect of topical l-epinephrine on regional ocular blood flow in monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1980 May;19(5):487-91.
[2]. Simons FE, et al. First-aid treatment of anaphylaxis to food: focus on epinephrine. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 May;113(5):837-44.
[3]. Morris KA, et al. Epinephrine and glucose modulate training-related CREB phosphorylation in old rats: relationships to age-related memory impairments. Exp Gerontol. 2013 Feb;48(2):115-27.
[4]. Callaway CW, et al. Epinephrine for cardiac arrest. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2013 Jan;28(1):36-42.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 329-65-7 SDF
Chemical Name 4-[1-hydroxy-2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzene-1,2-diol
Canonical SMILES CNCC(C1=CC(=C(C=C1)O)O)O
Formula C9H13NO3 M.Wt 183.2
Solubility ≥18.3mg/mL in DMSO with gentle warming Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
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Background

DL-Epinephrine is the racemate of epinephrine. L-Epinephrine is a hormone secreted by the medulla of the adrenal glands. L-Epinephrine is an α-adrenergic and β-adrenergic receptor agonist.

A 25 microliter volume of a 1-% L-epinephrine borate solution applied on the cornea of one eye in 12 monkeys reduces blood flow through the iris and the ciliary body by 59% and 20%, respectively, compared to the untreated control eyes[1]. Epinephrine is a direct-acting sympathomimetic α-adrenergic and β-adrenergic agonist with cyclic adenosine monophosphate-mediated, complex, bidirectional pharmacologic effects on many target organs[2]. In young adult rats, endogenous release of epinephrine facilitates stable memory formation for temporally associated events. Epinephrine enhances memory in young adult rats, in part, by increasing blood glucose levels needed to modulate memory[3]. Epinephrine is the primary drug administered during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to reverse cardiac arrest. Epinephrine increases arterial blood pressure and coronary perfusion during CPR via alpha-1-adrenoceptor agonist effects[4].

References:
[1]. Alm A, et al. The effect of topical l-epinephrine on regional ocular blood flow in monkeys. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1980 May;19(5):487-91.
[2]. Simons FE, et al. First-aid treatment of anaphylaxis to food: focus on epinephrine. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 May;113(5):837-44.
[3]. Morris KA, et al. Epinephrine and glucose modulate training-related CREB phosphorylation in old rats: relationships to age-related memory impairments. Exp Gerontol. 2013 Feb;48(2):115-27.
[4]. Callaway CW, et al. Epinephrine for cardiac arrest. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2013 Jan;28(1):36-42.