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Metronidazole

Catalog No.GC15775

Metronidazole Chemical Structure

nitroimidazole antibiotic

Size Price Stock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
$34.00
In stock
50mg
$46.00
In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Quality Control

Quality Control & SDS

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Background

Metronidazole is a nitroimidazole antibiotic medication used particularly for anaerobic bacteria and protozoa.Target: Antibacterial; AntiparasiticMetronidazole is a nitroimidazole antibiotic medication used particularly for anaerobic bacteria and protozoa. Metronidazole is an antibiotic, amebicide, and antiprotozoal.[1] It is the drug of choice for first episodes of mild-to-moderate Clostridium difficile infection [2]. Metronidazole, taken up by diffusion, is selectively absorbed by anaerobic bacteria and sensitive protozoa. Once taken up by anaerobes, it is non-enzymatically reduced by reacting with reduced ferredoxin, which is generated by pyruvate oxido-reductase. Many of the reduced nitroso intermediates will form sulfinamides and thioether linkages with cysteine-bearing enzymes, thereby deactivating these critical enzymes. As many as 150 separate enzymes are affected.In addition or alternatively, the metronidazole metabolites are taken up into bacterial DNA, and form unstable molecules. This function only occurs when metronidazole is partially reduced, and because this reduction usually happens only in anaerobic cells, it has relatively little effect upon human cells or aerobic bacteria.[3]

References:
[1]. In Schaechter, M.; Engleberg, N. C.; DiRita, V. J. et al. Schaechter's Mechanisms of Microbial Disease. Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 28.
[2]. http://www.drugs.com/monograph/metronidazole.html
[3]. Cohen, S.H., et al., Clinical practice guidelines for Clostridium difficile infection in adults: 2010 update by the society for healthcare epidemiology of America (SHEA) and the infectious diseases society of America (IDSA). Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 2010. 31(5): p. 431-55.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 443-48-1 SDF
Chemical Name 2-(2-methyl-5-nitroimidazol-1-yl)ethanol
Canonical SMILES CC1=NC=C(N1CCO)[N+](=O)[O-]
Formula C6H9N3O3 M.Wt 171.15
Solubility DMF: 15 mg/ml,DMSO: 15 mg/ml,Ethanol: 5 mg/ml,PBS (pH 7.2): 2 mg/ml Storage 4°C, protect from light
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

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Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
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3. All of the above co-solvents are available for purchase on the GlpBio website.

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Average Rating: 5 ★★★★★ (Based on Reviews and 32 reference(s) in Google Scholar.)

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