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OMDM-1 (Synonyms: (S)Noleoyl Tyrosinol)

Catalog No.GC41362

Numerous analogs of arachidonoyl ethanolamide potentiate its biological activity.

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OMDM-1 Chemical Structure

Cas No.: 616884-62-9

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Numerous analogs of arachidonoyl ethanolamide potentiate its biological activity. This potentiation is ascribed either to inhibition of AEA reuptake into neurons or inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) within the neurons. OMDM-1 is an endocannabinoid analog specifically designed to be a potent and selective inhibitor of the cellular uptake of AEA. Structurally, OMDM-1 is the amide of (S)-tyrosinol with oleic acid . In RBL-2H3 cells, OMDM-1 inhibits the cellular uptake of tritiated AEA with an IC50 of 2.4 µM, with negligible effects on the CB1 receptor and VR1.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 616884-62-9 SDF
Synonyms (S)Noleoyl Tyrosinol
Formula C27H45NO3 M.Wt 431.7
Solubility Ethanol: 30 mg/ml,DMF: 30 mg/ml,DMSO: Miscible,DMSO:PBS (pH 7.2) (1:1): .5 mg/ml Storage Store at -20°C
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Research Update

In vivo pharmacological actions of two novel inhibitors of anandamide cellular uptake

Eur J Pharmacol 2004 Jan 26;484(2-3):249-57.PMID:14744610DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2003.11.027.

Two inhibitors of the cellular uptake of the endocannabinoid anandamide, (R)-N-oleoyl-(1'-hydroxybenzyl)-2'-ethanolamine and (S)-N-oleoyl-(1'-hydroxybenzyl)-2'-ethanolamine (OMDM-1 and OMDM-2, respectively), were recently synthesized, and their in vitro pharmacological activity described. Here we have assessed their activity in two typical pharmacological responses of cannabimimetic compounds. We first examined whether these compounds exert any effect per se on locomotion and pain perception in rats, and/or enhance the effects of anandamide on these two processes. We compared the effects of the novel compounds with those produced by a previously developed selective inhibitor, N-arachidonoyl-(2-methyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)amine (VDM-11). When assayed alone, OMDM-1 and OMDM-2 (1-10 mg/kg, i.p.) did not affect any of the five motor parameters under investigation, although the former compound exhibited a trend for the inhibition of ambulation, fast movements, and speed in rats. OMDM-2 and, to a lesser extent, VDM-11 (5 mg/kg, i.p.) enhanced the motor-inhibitory effects of a noneffective dose (2 mg/kg, i.p.) of anandamide, while OMDM-1 did not. In a typical test of acute analgesia, OMDM-2 and VDM-11 (1-10 mg/kg, i.p.), but not OMDM-1, significantly enhanced the time spent by rats on a "hot plate." However, the same compounds (5 mg/kg, i.p.) did not enhance the analgesic effect of a subeffective dose (2 mg/kg, i.p.) of anandamide, whereas OMDM-1 exerted a strong trend towards potentiation (P=0.06). We next explored the possible use of the two novel compounds in a pathological condition. Thus, we determined if, like other previously developed anandamide reuptake inhibitors, OMDM-1 and OMDM-2 inhibit spasticity in an animal model of multiple sclerosis-the chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in mice. As previously shown with a higher dose of VDM-11, both novel compounds (5 mg/kg, i.v.) significantly reduced spasticity of the hindlimb in mice with chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. We suggest that OMDM-1 and, particularly, OMDM-2 are useful pharmacological tools for the study of the (patho)physiological role of the anandamide cellular uptake process, and represent unique templates for the development of new antispastic drugs.

Novel selective and metabolically stable inhibitors of anandamide cellular uptake

Biochem Pharmacol 2003 May 1;65(9):1473-81.PMID:12732359DOI:10.1016/s0006-2952(03)00109-6.

Novel aromatic analogues of N-oleoylethanolamine and N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide, AEA) were synthesized and, based on the capability of similar compounds to interact with proteins of the endocannabinoid and endovanilloid signaling systems, were tested on: (i) cannabinoid CB(1) and CB(2) receptors; (ii) vanilloid VR1 receptors; (iii) anandamide cellular uptake (ACU); and (iv) the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). The (R)- and, particularly, the (S)-1'-(4-hydroxybenzyl) derivatives of N-oleoylethanolamine and AEA (OMDM-1, OMDM-2, OMDM-3, and OMDM-4) inhibited to a varied extent ACU in RBL-2H3 cells (K(i) ranging between 2.4 and 17.7 micro M), the oleoyl analogues (OMDM-1 and OMDM-2, K(i) 2.4 and 3.0 micro M, respectively) being 6- to 7-fold more potent than the arachidonoyl analogues (OMDM-3 and OMDM-4). These four compounds exhibited: (i) poor affinity for either CB(1) (K(i)> or = 5 micro M) or CB(2) (K(i)>10 micro M) receptors in rat brain and spleen membranes, respectively; (ii) almost no activity at vanilloid receptors in the intracellular calcium assay carried out with intact cells over-expressing the human VR1 (EC(50)> or = 10 micro M); and (iii) no activity as inhibitors of FAAH in N18TG2 cell membranes (K(i)>50 micro M). The oleoyl- and arachidonoyl-N'-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl)hydrazines (OMDM-5 and OMDM-6), inhibited ACU (K(i) 4.8 and 7.0 micro M, respectively), and were more potent as VR1 agonists (EC(50) 75 and 50nM, respectively), weakly active as CB(1) receptor ligands (K(i) 4.9 and 3.2 micro M, respectively), and inactive as CB(2) ligands (K(i)>5 micro M) as well as on FAAH (K(i)> or = 40 micro M). In conclusion, we report two novel potent and selective inhibitors of ACU (OMDM-1 and OMDM-2) and one "hybrid" agonist of CB(1) and VR1 receptors (OMDM-6). Unlike other compounds of the same type, OMDM-1, OMDM-2, and OMDM-6 were very stable to enzymatic hydrolysis by rat brain homogenates.

Increased anandamide uptake by sensory neurons contributes to hyperalgesia in a model of cancer pain

Neurobiol Dis 2013 Oct;58:19-28.PMID:23644187DOI:10.1016/j.nbd.2013.04.018.

Opioids do not effectively manage pain in many patients with advanced cancer. Because anandamide (AEA) activation of cannabinoid type-1 receptors (CB1R) on nociceptors reduces nociception, manipulation of AEA metabolism in the periphery may be an effective alternative or adjuvant therapy in the management of cancer pain. AEA is hydrolyzed by the intracellular enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), and this enzyme activity contributes to uptake of AEA into neurons and to reduction of AEA available to activate CB1R. We used an in vitro preparation of adult murine dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons co-cultured with fibrosarcoma cells to investigate how tumors alter the uptake of AEA into neurons. Evidence that the uptake of [(3)H]AEA into dissociated DRG cells in the co-culture model mimicked the increase in uptake that occurred in DRG cells from tumor-bearing mice supported the utility of the in vitro model to study AEA uptake. Results with the fluorescent AEA analog CAY10455 confirmed that an increase in uptake in the co-culture model occurred in neurons. One factor that contributed to the increase in [(3)H]AEA uptake was an increase in total cellular cholesterol in the cancer condition. Treatment with the FAAH inhibitor URB597 reduced CAY10455 uptake in the co-culture model to the level observed in DRG neurons maintained in the control condition (i.e., in the absence of fibrosarcoma cells), and this effect was paralleled by OMDM-1, an inhibitor of AEA uptake, at a concentration that had no effect on FAAH activity. Maximally effective concentrations of the two drugs together produced a greater reduction than was observed with each drug alone. Treatment with BMS309403, which competes for AEA binding to fatty acid binding protein-5, mimicked the effect of OMDM-1 in vitro. Local injection of OMDM-1 reduced hyperalgesia in vivo in mice with unilateral tumors in and around the calcaneous bone. Intraplantar injection of OMDM-1 (5μg) into the tumor-bearing paw reduced mechanical hyperalgesia through a CB1R-dependent mechanism and also reduced a spontaneous nocifensive behavior. The same dose reduced withdrawal responses evoked by suprathreshold mechanical stimuli in naive mice. These data support the conclusion that OMDM-1 inhibits AEA uptake by a mechanism that is independent of inhibition of FAAH and provide a rationale for the development of peripherally restricted drugs that decrease AEA uptake for the management of cancer pain.

A catalytically silent FAAH-1 variant drives anandamide transport in neurons

Nat Neurosci 2011 Nov 20;15(1):64-9.PMID:22101642DOI:10.1038/nn.2986.

The endocannabinoid anandamide is removed from the synaptic space by a selective transport system, expressed in neurons and astrocytes, that remains molecularly uncharacterized. Here we describe a partly cytosolic variant of the intracellular anandamide-degrading enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase-1 (FAAH-1), termed FAAH-like anandamide transporter (FLAT), that lacked amidase activity but bound anandamide with low micromolar affinity and facilitated its translocation into cells. Known anandamide transport inhibitors, such as AM404 and OMDM-1, blocked these effects. We also identified a competitive antagonist of the interaction of anandamide with FLAT, the phthalazine derivative ARN272, that prevented anandamide internalization in vitro, interrupted anandamide deactivation in vivo and exerted profound analgesic effects in rodent models of nociceptive and inflammatory pain, which were mediated by CB(1) cannabinoid receptors. The results identify FLAT as a critical molecular component of anandamide transport in neural cells and a potential target for therapeutic drugs.

Selective inhibition of anandamide cellular uptake versus enzymatic hydrolysis--a difficult issue to handle

Eur J Pharmacol 2004 May 10;492(1):1-11.PMID:15145699DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2004.03.048.

There is considerable debate at present as to whether the uptake of anandamide (AEA) into cells is by a facilitated transport process or by passive diffusion driven by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). The possibility that both processes occur, but to different extents depending upon the cell type used, has been difficult to investigate pharmacologically since available compounds show little selectivity between inhibition of AEA uptake and inhibition of FAAH. Recently, three compounds, UCM707 [N-(Fur-3-ylmethyl)arachidonamide], OMDM-1 and OMDM-2 [the 1'-(S)- and 1'-(R)-enantiomers of the 1'-4-hydroxybenzoyl analogue of oleoylethanolamide], selective for the uptake process, have been described and we have used these compounds, together with AM404 [(N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) arachidonoyl amide)] and VDM11 [(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-N-(4-Hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)-5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenamide]), with the initial aim of determining which mechanism of uptake predominates in C6 glioma and RBL-2H3 cells. AM404 and VDM11 were both found to decrease the uptake of 2 microM AEA into cells (IC50 values 6-11 microM), but they also inhibited rat brain FAAH (IC50 values 1-6 microM). However, when using a different FAAH assay protocol, VDM11 was a much less potent FAAH inhibitor (IC50>50 microM) regardless of the cell type and animal species used. In contrast, we confirmed that UCM707, OMDM-1 and OMDM-2 were weak inhibitors of FAAH (IC50 values >50 microM) under all conditions used. However, their potency as inhibitors of AEA cellular accumulation appears to be largely dependent on the cell type and assay conditions used. In particular, the potency of UCM707 (IC50 value > or =25 microM) was considerably lower than the submicromolar potency previously reported for U937 cells. It is concluded that the cause/effect relationship between AEA uptake and hydrolysis cannot be investigated uniquely by using supposedly selective inhibitors of each process.


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