Home>>Signaling Pathways>> PI3K/Akt/mTOR Signaling>> AMPK>>Euphorbiasteroid


Catalog No.: GC38422

A tricyclic diterpene

Euphorbiasteroid Chemical Structure

Size Price Stock Qty
In stock
In stock
In stock
In stock

Customer Reviews

Based on customer reviews.

Tel: (626) 353-8530 Email: sales@glpbio.com

Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Product Documents

Quality Control & SDS

View current batch:


Euphorbiasteroid is a tricyclic diperpene of Euphorbia lathyris L., inhibits tyrosinase, and increases the phosphorylation of AMPK, with anti-cancer, anti-virus, anti-obesity and multidrug resistance-modulating effect[1].

[1]. Park SJ, et al. Euphorbiasteroid, a component of Euphorbia lathyris L., inhibits adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells via activation of AMP-activated protein kinase. Cell Biochem Funct. 2015 Jun;33(4):220-5.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 28649-59-4 SDF
Canonical SMILES CC(O[C@@](C[C@H](C)[C@@H]1OC(CC2=CC=CC=C2)=O)(C(/C(C)=C\[C@@H](C3(C)C)[C@@H]3CC[C@@]45CO5)=O)[C@@]1([H])[C@@H]4OC(C)=O)=O
Formula C32H40O8 M.Wt 552.66
Solubility DMF: 5 mg/ml,DMSO: 5 mg/ml,Ethanol: Partially soluble Storage 4°C, protect from light
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)

mg/kg g μL

Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (This is only the calculator, not formulation. Please contact us first if there is no in vivo formulation at the solubility Section.)

% DMSO % % Tween 80 % saline

Calculation results:

Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL saline, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
3. All of the above co-solvents are available for purchase on the GlpBio website.

  • Molarity Calculator

  • Dilution Calculator

**When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / CoA (available online).


Research Update

Euphorbiasteroid Abrogates EGFR and Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Cells to Impart Anticancer Activity

Molecules 2022 Jun 14;27(12):3824.PMID:35744950DOI:10.3390/molecules27123824.

EGFR and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways play a prominent role in tumor progression in various human cancers including non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Transactivation and crosstalk between the EGFR and Wnt/β-catenin pathways may contribute to the aggressiveness of cancers. Targeting these oncogenic pathways with small molecules is an attractive approach to counteract various types of cancers. In this study, we demonstrate the effect of Euphorbiasteroid (EPBS) on the EGFR and Wnt/β-catenin pathways in NSCLC cells. EPBS induced preferential cytotoxicity toward A549 (wildtype EGFR-expressing) cells over PC-9 (mutant EGFR-expressing) cells. EPBS suppressed the expression of EGFR, Wnt3a, β-catenin, and FZD-1, and the reduction in β-catenin levels was found to be mediated through the activation of GSK-3β. EPBS reduced the phosphorylation of GSK-3βS9 with a parallel increase in β-TrCP and phosphorylation of GSK-3βY216. Lithium chloride treatment increased the phosphorylation of GSK-3βS9 and nuclear localization of β-catenin, whereas EPBS reverted these effects. Forced expression or depletion of EGFR in NSCLC cells increased or decreased the levels of Wnt3a, β-catenin, and FZD-1, respectively. Overall, EPBS abrogates EGFR and Wnt/β-catenin pathways to impart its anticancer activity in NSCLC cells.

Comprehensive Metabolic Profiling of Euphorbiasteroid in Rats by Integrating UPLC-Q/TOF-MS and NMR as Well as Microbial Biotransformation

Metabolites 2022 Sep 2;12(9):830.PMID:36144234DOI:10.3390/metabo12090830.

Euphorbiasteroid, a lathyrane-type diterpene from Euphorbiae semen (the seeds of Euphorbia lathyris L.), has been shown to have a variety of pharmacological effects such as anti-tumor and anti-obesity. This study aims to investigate the metabolic profiles of Euphorbiasteroid in rats and rat liver microsomes (RLMs) and Cunninghamella elegans bio-110930 by integrating ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF-MS), UNIFI software, and NMR techniques. A total of 31 metabolites were identified in rats. Twelve metabolites (M1-M5, M8, M12-M13, M16, M24-M25, and M29) were matched to the metabolites obtained by RLMs incubation and the microbial transformation of C. elegans bio-110930 and their structures were exactly determined through analysis of NMR spectroscopic data. In addition, the metabolic pathways of Euphorbiasteroid were then clarified, mainly including hydroxylation, hydrolysis, oxygenation, sulfonation, and glycosylation. Finally, three metabolites, M3 (20-hydroxyl Euphorbiasteroid), M24 (epoxylathyrol) and M25 (15-deacetyl Euphorbiasteroid), showed significant cytotoxicity against four human cell lines with IC50 values from 3.60 μM to 40.74 μM. This is the first systematic investigation into the in vivo metabolic pathways of Euphorbiasteroid and the cytotoxicity of its metabolites, which will be beneficial for better predicting the metabolism profile of Euphorbiasteroid in humans and understanding its possible toxic material basis.

Euphorbiasteroid, a component of Euphorbia lathyris L., inhibits adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells via activation of AMP-activated protein kinase

Cell Biochem Funct 2015 Jun;33(4):220-5.PMID:25914364DOI:10.1002/cbf.3107.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of Euphorbiasteroid, a component of Euphorbia lathyris L., on adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes and its underlying mechanisms. Euphorbiasteroid decreased differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells via reduction of intracellular triglyceride (TG) accumulation at concentrations of 25 and 50 μM. In addition, Euphorbiasteroid altered the key regulator proteins of adipogenesis in the early stage of adipocyte differentiation by increasing the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Subsequently, levels of adipogenic proteins, including fatty acid synthase, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α, were decreased by Euphorbiasteroid treatment at the late stage of adipocyte differentiation. The anti-adipogenic effect of Euphorbiasteroid may be derived from inhibition of early stage of adipocyte differentiation. Taken together, Euphorbiasteroid inhibits adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells through activation of the AMPK pathway. Therefore, Euphorbiasteroid and its source plant, E. lathyris L., could possibly be one of the fascinating anti-obesity agent.

Euphorbiasteroid reverses P-glycoprotein-mediated multi-drug resistance in human sarcoma cell line MES-SA/Dx5

Phytother Res 2010 Jul;24(7):1042-6.PMID:19960428DOI:10.1002/ptr.3073.

In this study, we evaluated whether Euphorbiasteroid isolated from Euphorbia lathyris has the potential to reverse P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated multi-drug resistance (MDR) by using the drug-sensitive human sarcoma cell line MES-SA and its MDR counterpart MES-SA/Dx5. Interestingly, even at low concentrations of Euphorbiasteroid (1-3 microM), it efficiently restored the toxicities of anticancer drugs including vinblastine, taxol and doxorubicin in MES-SA/Dx5 cells. Additionally, the computational Bayesian model for predicting potential P-gp substrates or inhibitors revealed that Euphorbiasteroid showed 97% probability for substrate likeness having similar molecular features with 50 P-gp substrates. Consistent with this result, the substrate likeness of Euphorbiasteroid was also experimentally confirmed by P-gp ATPase activity assay. In conclusion, our finding suggested that Euphorbiasteroid could be a transport substrate for P-gp that can effectively inhibit P-gp-mediated drug transport and reverse resistance to anticancer drugs in MES-SA/Dx5 cells.

Construction of magnetic drug delivery system and its potential application in tumor theranostics

Biomed Pharmacother 2022 Oct;154:113545.PMID:36007274DOI:10.1016/j.biopha.2022.113545.

Magnetic nanoparticles(NPs) are characterized by a rich variety of properties. Because of their excellent physical and chemical properties, they have come to the fore in biomedicine and other fields. The magnetic NPs were extensively studied in magnetic separation of cells, targeted drug delivery, tumor hyperthermia, chemo-photothermal therapy, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and other biomedical fields. Magnetic NPs are increasingly used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based on their inherent magnetic targeting, superparamagnetic enzyme-like catalytic properties and nanoscale size. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is a promising biodegradable material approved by FDA and EU for drug delivery. Currently, PLGA-based magnetic nano-drug delivery systems have attracted the attention of researchers. Herein, we achieved the effective encapsulation of sized-controlled polyethylene glycol-3,4-dihydroxy benzyl-amine-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO NPs) and Euphorbiasteroid into PLGA nanospheres via a modified multiple emulsion solvent evaporation method (W1/O2/W2). NPs with narrow size distribution and acceptable magnetic properties were developed that are very useful for applications involving cancer therapy and MRI. Furthermore, SPIO-PLGA NPs enhanced the MRI T2 relaxation properties of tumor sites.The prepared SPIO NPs and magnetic PLGA nanospheres can be promising magnetic drug delivery systems for tumor theranostics. This study has successfully constructed a tumor-targeting and magnetic-targeting smart nanocarrier with enhanced permeability and retention, multimodal anti-cancer therapeutics and biodegradability, which could be a hopeful candidate for anti-tumor therapy in the future.


Review for Euphorbiasteroid

Average Rating: 5 ★★★★★ (Based on Reviews and 4 reference(s) in Google Scholar.)

5 Star
4 Star
3 Star
2 Star
1 Star
Review for Euphorbiasteroid

GLPBIO products are for RESEARCH USE ONLY. Please make sure your review or question is research based.

Required fields are marked with *

You may receive emails regarding this submission. Any emails will include the ability to opt-out of future communications.