|Catalog No.: GC15739|
Chk1 inhibitor,novel and potent
Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.
GlpBio Products Cited In Reputable Papers
Quality Control & SDS
- View current batch:
- COA (Certificate Of Analysis)
- SDS (Safety Data Sheet)
For the CHK1 assay, the kinase domain is expressed in Sf9 insect cells, and a biotinylated cdc25c peptide containing the consensus Chk1/Chk2 phosphorylation site (*)(biotin-[AHX]SGSGS*GLYRSPSMP-ENLNRPR[CONH2]) is used as the substrate. A dilution series of CHIR-124 is mixed with a kinase reaction buffer containing a final concentration of 30 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.5), 10 mM MgCl2, 2 mM DTT, 4 mM EDTA, 25 mM β-glycerophosphate, 5 mM MnCl2, 0.01% bovine serum albumin, 1.35 nM CHK1 kinase domain, 0.5 μM peptide substrate, and 1 μM unlabeled ATP, plus 5 nM 33P γ-labeled ATP (specific activity =2,000 Ci/mmol). Reactions and detection of the phosphate transfer are carried out by a radioactive method.
Severe combined immunodeficient mice harboring MDA-MD-435 tumor xenografts are randomized into the following treatment groups of 10: vehicle (captisol) alone, 5 mg/kg CPT-11, 10 mg/kg CHIR-124, 20 mg/kg CHIR-124, 5 mg/kg CPT-11 plus 10 mg/kg CHIR-124, or 5 mg/kg CPT-11 plus 20 mg/kg CHIR-124. Treatment is initiated on the day after randomization (day 1). CPT-11 is given i.p. daily (four times daily) ×5 on days 1 to 5, whereas CHIR-124 is given orally four times daily ×6 on days 2 to 7 in captisol. Percent tumor growth inhibition is defined as % T/C, where T = the treatment group mean, and C = the control group mean. In a similar study, tumors harvested from mice sacrificed on day 4 of treatment are examined for apoptosis by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick-end labeling staining and for mitotic index by immunofluorescence labeling with phospho-histone H3 antibody.
. Tse AN, et al. CHIR-124, a novel potent inhibitor of Chk1, potentiates the cytotoxicity of topoisomerase I poisons in vitro and in vivo. Clin Cancer Res, 2007, 13(2 Pt 1), 591-602.
CHIR-124, a selective inhibitor, inhibits Chk1 with IC50 value of 0.3nM 2,000-fold more potently than Chk2 with IC50 value of 0.7μM. CHIR-124 also potently targets other kinases such as PDGFR with IC50 value of 6.6nM and FLT3 with IC50 value of 5.8nM .
CHIR-124 abrogates the S and G2-M checkpoints induced by topoisomerase I poisons and selectively sensitizes tumors lacking p53 function to undergo mitotic death. In addition, CHIR-124 enhances the antitumor effect of irinotecan in tumor xenografts by inhibiting the G2-M checkpoint and inducing apoptosis.
In vitro, the effect of a matrix of camptothecin and CHIR-124 combinations in a number of human cancer cell lines, including breast carcinoma (MDA-MB-231and MDAMB-435) and colon carcinoma (SW-620 and Colo205), all of which are mutant for p53. When cells were simultaneously exposed to a matrix of different concentration combinations of CHIR-124 and SN-38 for 48 h, significant synergy or >10% deviation from additivity was observed in the concentration ranges of ≥4.2×108 mol/L for SN-38 and≥ 6.0×108 mol/L for CHIR-124. Compared to IR alone, the number of mitotic cells increased dramatically in p53-/- HCT116 cells after concomitant Chir-124 exposure, while no such effect was observed in p53-sufficient WT HCT116 cells. Chir-124 was able to radiosensitize HCT116 cells that lack checkpoint kinase-2 (CHK2) or that were deficient for the spindle checkpoint protein Mad2. Additionally, Chir-124 could radiosensitize tetraploid cell lines, which were resistant to DNA damaging agents. Radiosensitization mediated by Chir-124 is greatly influenced by the p53 and cell cycle checkpoint system [1, 2].
In vivo, severe combined immunodeficient mice harboring MDA-MD-435 tumor xenografts were randomized into the treatment of 10 mg/kg CHIR-124, 20 mg/kg CHIR-124, 10 mg/kg CHIR-124 with 5 mg/kg CPT-11, or 20 mg/kg CHIR-124 with 5 mg/kg CPT-11. CPT-11 was given i.p. four times daily ×5 on days 1 to 5, while CHIR-124 was given orally four times daily ×6 on days 2 to 7 in captisol. Tumors harvested from mice sacrificed on day 4 of treatment were examined for apoptosis by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick-end labeling staining and for mitotic index by immunofluorescence labeling with phospho-histone H3 antibody in a similar study .
. Tse AN, Rendahl KG, Sheikh T, et al. CHIR-124, a novel potent inhibitor of Chk1, potentiates the cytotoxicity of topoisomerase I poisons in vitro and in vivo. Clinical Cancer Research, 2007, 13(2): 591-602.
. Tao YG, Leteur C, Yang CY, et al. Radiosensitization by Chir-124, a selective CHK1 inhibitor Effects of p53 and cell cycle checkpoints. Cell Cycle, 2007, 8(8): 1196-1205.
|Solubility||≥ 10.5mg/mL in DMSO||Storage||Store at -20°C|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)
Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (This is only the calculator, not formulation. Please contact us first if there is no in vivo formulation at the solubility Section.)
Working concentration: mg/ml;
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )
Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.
Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.
Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
3. All of the above co-solvents are available for purchase on the GlpBio website.
Average Rating: 5(Based on Reviews and 13 reference(s) in Google Scholar.)
GLPBIO products are for RESEARCH USE ONLY. Please make sure your review or question is research based.
Required fields are marked with *