|Echinomycin Catalog No.GC18236|
Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.
GlpBio Products Cited In Reputable Papers
|Cas No.||512-64-1||SDF||Download SDF|
|Synonyms||Antibiotic A 654I； NSC 13502； NSC 526417； Quinomycin A； SK 302B|
|Chemical Name||N-(2-quinoxalinylcarbonyl)-O-[N-(2-quinoxalinylcarbonyl)-D-seryl-L-alanyl-3-mercapto-N,S-dimethylcysteinyl-N-methyl-L-valyl]-D-seryl-L-alanyl-N-methylcysteinyl-N-methyl-(8→1)-lactone, cyclic (3→7)-thioether-L-valine|
|Solubility||Soluble in DMSO, Soluble in Methanol||Storage||Store at -20°C|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that controls genes involved in glycolysis, angiogenesis, migration, and invasion. Echinomycin is a cell-permeable inhibitor of HIF-1-mediated gene transcription. It acts by intercalating into DNA in a sequence-specific manner, blocking the binding of either HIF-1α or HIF-1β to the hypoxia-responsive element. Echinomycin reversibly inhibits hypoxia-induced HIF-1 transcription activity in U215 cells with an EC50 value of 1.2 nM. It inhibits hypoxia-induced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor, blocking angiogenesis and altering excitatory synaptic transmission in hippocampal neurons. Echinomycin also impairs expression of survivin, enhancing the sensitivity of multiple myeloma cells to melphalan.
. Kong, D., Park, E.J., Stephen, A.G., et al. Echinomycin, a small-molecule inhibitor of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 DNA-binding activity Cancer Research 65(19), 9047-9055 (2005).
. Nickols, N.G., Jacobs, C.S., Farkas, M.E., et al. Modulating hypoxia-inducible transcription by disrupting the HIF-1-DNA interface ACS Chemical Biology 2(8), 561-571 (2007).
. Ward, D.C., Reich, E., and Goldberg, I.H. Base specificity in the interaction of polynucleotides with antibiotic drugs Science 149(3689), 1259-1263 (1965).
. Huang, Y.F., Yang, C.H., Huang, C.C., et al. Pharmacological and genetic accumulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α enhances excitatory synaptic transmission in hippocampal neurons through the production of vascular endothelial growth factor J. Neurosci. 30(17), 6080-6093 (2010).
. Hu, Y., Kirito, K., Yoshida, K., et al. Inhibition of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 function enhances the sensitivity of multiple myeloma cells to melphalan Mol. Cancer Ther. 8(8), 2329-2338 (2009).