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SPDP (SPDP Crosslinker)

Catalog No.: GC30018

SPDP (SPDP Crosslinker) (SPDP (SPDP Crosslinker) Crosslinker) is a short-chain crosslinker for amine-to-sulfhydryl conjugation via NHS-ester and pyridyldithiol reactive groups that form cleavable (reducible) disulfide bonds with cysteine sulfhydryls. It is a glutathione cleavable ADC linker used for the antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs).

SPDP (SPDP Crosslinker) Chemical Structure

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Product Documents

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SPDP is a short-chain crosslinker for amine-to-sulfhydryl conjugation via NHS-ester and pyridyldithiol reactive groups that form cleavable (reducible) disulfide bonds with cysteine sulfhydryls. equal amounts of anti-CD11c and anti-CTLA-4 Abs (in borate buffered saline; pH 8.5) were activated using SPDP .

[1]. Lobedanz S et al. A periplasmic coiled-coil interface underlying TolC recruitment and the assembly of bacterial drug effluxpumps. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2007 Mar 13, 104(11):4612-7. [2]. Karumuthil-Melethil S et al. Dendritic cell-directed CTLA-4 engagement during pancreatic beta cell antigen presentation delays type 1diabetes. J Immunol 2010 Jun 15, 184(12):6695-708.

Chemical Properties

Cas No. 68181-17-9 SDF
Formula C12H12N2O4S2 M.Wt 312.36
Solubility DMSO : 155 mg/mL (496.22 mM) Storage -20°C, protect from light, stored under nitrogen,unstable in solution, ready to use.
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

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Research Update

Neurotensin-SPDP-poly-L-lysine conjugate: a nonviral vector for targeted gene delivery to neural cells

We report herein the synthesis of a novel DNA delivery system and in vitro evidence of its ability to transfect cell lines by binding to the high-affinity neurotensin receptor and subsequent internalization of ligand-receptor complexes. The targeting vehicle consisted of neurotensin crosslinked with poly-L-lysine via N-succinimidyl-3-(2-pyridyldithio) propionate (SPDP). The SPDP-derivatives with either neurotensin or poly-L-lysine were purified by gel filtration. The conjugate resulting of the reaction of neurotensin-SPDP with HS-SPDP-poly-L-lysine was purified through Biogel A 1.5. The neurotensin-SPDP-poly-L-lysine conjugate was able to bind plasmidic DNAs (pSV2cat and pGreen Lantern-1) at optimal molar ratios of 1:5 and 1:6 (DNA: conjugate), respectively. The conjugate internalized those plasmids in the cell lines (N1E-115 and HT-29) bearing the high-affinity neurotensin receptor. Expression of the plasmid products, chloramphenicol acetyltransferase and green fluorescent protein, was observed in such cell lines. Both internalization and expression of the plasmids transferred by the neurotensin-SPDP-poly-L-lysine conjugate were prevented by neurotensin (1 microM) and SR-48692 (100 nM), a specific antagonist of the high-affinity neurotensin receptor. The neurotensin-SPDP-poly-L-lysine conjugate was unable to transfect cell lines lacking the neurotensin receptor (COS-7 and L-929). In rat brain, the high-affinity neurotensin receptor is expressed by specific neurons such as those of the nigrostriatal and mesolimbic dopaminergic systems. Therefore, the neurotensin-SPDP-poly-L-lysine conjugate could be a useful tool for gene delivery to those neuronal systems.

[Spectral changes of C-phycocyanin with different molar ratios of SPDP]

Pure C-phycocyanin was prepared from Spirulina platensis using one-step anion-exchange chromatography. The C-PC obtained was with an absorption maximum at 620 nm and a fluorescence emission maximum at 640 nm when excited by 580 nm. SPDP is an excellent heterobifunctional crosslinker for thiolating amines. Different molar ratios of SPDP have remarkable influence on the absorption and fluorescence spectra of C-phycocyanin. The absorption maximum and fluorescence emission maximum both decreased and blue-shifted from 640 nm to 630 nm as the molar ratios of SPDP increased. It was found that the molar ratios of SPDP to C-phycocyanin was not more than 100 was appropriate to being conjugated with other biomolecules from the absorption and fluorescence spectra of C-phycocyanin.

Ricin A immunotoxins of IgG and Fab of anti-CALLA monoclonal antibody: effect of water soluble long-chain SPDP on conjugate yield, immunoselectivity and cytotoxicity

The water soluble long-chain crosslinker, sulfo-succinimidyl-6-[3'-(2-pyridyldithio)-propionamido]hexanoate (S-LC-SPDP) was used to prepare ricin A chain (RTA) immunotoxins constructed with whole IgG and Fab fragments of the anti-common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen (CALLA) monoclonal antibody. In this study, a) S-LC-SPDP modification efficiencies of whole IgG and Fab, b) conjugation yields of the immunotoxins prepared and c) in vitro immunoreactivity and cytotoxicity of immunotoxins constructed were examined. IgG-RTA and Fab-RTA immunotoxins were prepared with 67.3% and 57.0% conjugation yields, respectively. These long spacer intermolecular linked immunotoxins were selectively immunoreactive and cytotoxic against to immunogenic Daudi cells but little or no-binding and cytotoxic against to antigen K562 cells. Both IgG-RTA and Fab-RTA immunotoxins were 210- and 45-fold more active than intact RTA in vitro, respectively.

Conformation-specific crosslinking of mitochondrial complex I

Complex I is the only component of the eukaryotic respiratory chain of which no high-resolution structure is yet available. A notable feature of mitochondrial complex I is the so-called active/de-active conformational transition of the idle enzyme from the active (A) to the de-active, (D) form. Using an amine- and sulfhydryl-reactive crosslinker of 6.8? length (SPDP) we found that in the D-form of complex I the ND3 subunit crosslinked to the 39 kDa (NDUFA9) subunit. These proteins could not be crosslinked in the A-form. Most likely, both subunits are closely located in the critical junction region connecting the peripheral hydrophilic domain to the membrane arm of the enzyme where the entrance path for substrate ubiquinone is and where energy transduction takes place.

Albumin-Based Nanoparticles for the Delivery of Doxorubicin in Breast Cancer

Albumin-based nanoparticles are an emerging platform for the delivery of various chemotherapeutics because of their biocompatibility, safety, and ease of surface modification for specific targeting. The most widely used method for the preparation of albumin nanoparticles is by desolvation process using glutaraldehyde (GLU) as a cross-linker. However, limitations of GLU like toxicity and interaction with drugs force the need for alternative cross-linkers. In the present study, several cross-linking systems were evaluated for the preparation of Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) nanoparticles (ABNs) encapsulating Doxorubicin (Dox). Based on the results obtained from morphological characterization, in vitro release, and therapeutic efficacy in cells, N-succinimidyl 3-(2-pyridyldithio) propionate (SPDP)-modified ABNs (ABN-SPDP) was chosen. Since ABN-SPDP are formed with disulfide linkage, the drug release is facilitated under a highly reducing environment present in the tumor sites. The cytotoxicity studies of those ABN-SPDP were performed in three different breast cell lines, highlighting the mechanism of cell death. The Dox-encapsulated ABN-SPDP showed toxicity in both the breast cancer cells (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231), but, remarkably, a negligible effect was observed in non-tumoral MCF-10A cells. In addition to the hydrophilic Dox, this system could be used as a carrier for hydrophobic drugs like SN38. The system could be employed for the preparation of nanoparticles based on human serum albumin (HSA), which further enhances the feasibility of this system for clinical use. Hence, the albumin nanoparticles developed herein present an excellent potential for delivering various drugs in cancer therapy.


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