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Catalog No.GC38465

GsMTx4 selectively inhibits cation-permeable mechanosensitive channels (MSCs) belonging to the Piezo and TRP channel families.

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GsMTx4 Chemical Structure

Cas No.: 1209500-46-8

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Product has been cited by 4 publications

Description Protocol Chemical Properties Product Documents Related Products

GsMTx4 is a 34 amino acid spider venom peptide and belongs to the huwentoxin-1 family[1]. GsMTx4 selectively inhibits cation-permeable mechanosensitive channels (MSCs) belonging to the Piezo, TRPC1 and TRPC6 channels.

GsMTx4 is similar to many other channel-active peptides isolated from spider venom, which are small (3–5 kD) amphipathic molecules built on a conserved inhibitory cysteine-knot (ICK) backbone[4].GsMTx4 has high potency for inhibiting mechanosensitive channels, and its inhibition is not stereospecific, i.e., both its enantiomers (L- and D-form) inhibiting MSCs[3].

GsMTx4 significantly attenuates bladder hyperactivity[2]. Intraperitoneal injection of GsMTx-4 has been shown to reduce mechanical hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan or sciatic nerve injury[5], although it does not inhibit SAC currents in cultured DRG neurons[6].

GsMTx4 is an important pharmacological tool for identifying the role of these excitatory MSCs in normal physiology and pathology[4].

[1]. Suchyna TM, et al. Identification of a peptide toxin from Grammostola spatulata spider venom that blocks cation-selective stretch-activated channels. J Gen Physiol. 2000 May;115(5):583-98.
[2]. Liu Q, et al. Increased Piezo1 channel activity in interstitial Cajal-like cells induces bladder hyperactivity by functionally interacting with NCX1 in rats with cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis. Exp Mol Med. 2018 May 7;50(5):60.
[3]. Suchyna T.M., Tape S.E., Gottlieb P.A. Bilayer-dependent inhibition of mechanosensitive channels by neuroactive peptide enantiomers. Nature. 2004;430:235–240.
[4]. Gnanasambandam R, et al. GsMTx4: Mechanism of Inhibiting Mechanosensitive Ion Channels. Biophys J. 2017 Jan 10;112(1):31-45.
[5]. Park SP, et al. A tarantula spider toxin, GsMTx4, reduces mechanical and neuropathic pain. Pain. 2008;137:208–217.
[6]. Drew LJ, , et al.. High-threshold mechanosensitive ion channels blocked by a novel conopeptide mediate pressure-evoked pain. PLoS ONE. 2007;2:e515.


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