|Catalog No.: GC10867|
Tetracyclic diterpene antibiotic
Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.
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Aphidicolin, a tetracyclic diterpenoid, is an antibiotic with novel structure produced by the mold Cephalosporium aphidicola. Aphidicolin is an inhibitor of DNA polymerase-α .
DNA polymerase-α is an enzyme complex involved in initiation of DNA replication and during synthesis of Okazaki fragments on the lagging strand. The DNA polymerase-α complex consists of 4 subunits: POLA1, POLA2, PRIM1, and PRIM2. POLA1 is the catalytic subunit. POLA2 is the regulatory subunit. PRIM1 and PRIM2 are the small and the large primase subunits .
Aphidicolin selectively inhibited the activity of DNA polymerase-α without activity for DNA polymerase-β and mitochondrial DNA polymerase. Aphidicolin prevented cell division in sea urchin embryos . Aphidicolin was a potent inhibitor of cellular deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis. Aphidicolin strongly inhibited the growth of herpes simplex virus both in tissue culture and in the rabbit eye. Aphidicolin was active against iododeoxyuridine-resistant herpes virus . Aphidicolin showed antiviral activity and inhibited the incorporation of thymidine into DNA of cultured human embryonic lung cells. Aphidicolin (15 μg/ml) reduced the activity of crude and partially purified DNA polymerases from the cytosol .
 Ikegami S, TAGUCHI T, OHASHI M, et al. Aphidicolin prevents mitotic cell division by interfering with the activity of DNA polymerase-α[J]. Nature, 1978, 275(5679): 458-460.
 Lehman I R, Kaguni L S, Krause K H, et al. DNA polymerase alpha[J]. J. Biol. Chem, 1989, 264.
 Bucknall R A, Moores H, Simms R, et al. Antiviral effects of aphidicolin, a new antibiotic produced by Cephalosporium aphidicola[J]. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 1973, 4(3): 294-298.
 Ohashi M, Taguchi T, Ikegami S. Aphidicolin: a specific inhibitor of DNA polymerases in the cytosol of rat liver[J]. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 1978, 82(4): 1084-1090.
|Synonyms||ICI 69653, NSC 234714|
|Solubility||50mg/mL in DMSO, 10mg/mL in methanol||Storage||Store at -20°C|
|General tips||For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.|
|Shipping Condition||Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request
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