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Artesunate Catalog No.GC10889

derivative of the natural product artemisinin

Size Price Stock Qty
10mM (in 1mL DMSO)
$35.00
In stock
10mg
$26.00
In stock
50mg
$109.00
In stock

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Sample solution is provided at 25 µL, 10mM.

Quality Control

Quality Control & SDS

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Protocol

Kinase experiment:

After treatment with Artesunate for 24 h, cells are harvested and lysed in 1×cell lysis buffer. Total proteins of 15 to 25 μg are separated by SDS-PAGE and transferred to polyvinylidenedifluoride (PVDF) membranes. Membranes are blocked with 5% non-fat milk for 1 to 2 h at room temperature and then probed with primary antibodies and incubated at 4°C overnight. After extensive washing with TBS-T, membranes are incubated with appropriate HRP-conjugated secondary antibody for 1 h at room temperature, and then are detected by Western ECL-enhanced luminol reagent [3].

Cell experiment:

A2780 and HO8910 cells are cultured in RPMI 1640, Normal human fibroblasts (NHF) in DMEM, and FTE-187 in M199, supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum, 100 units/mL penicillin, and 100 mg/mL streptomycin. All the cells are incubated in a humidified atmosphere of 95% air and 5% CO2. Artesunate is applied to the cultured cells at the concentration of 0, 5, 10, 25, or 50 µg/mL for various periods. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) production following Artesunate treatment is determined. Briefly, cells are loaded with 5 μM of CM-H2DCFDA and incubated at 37°C for 20 min after treatment with Artesunate. Cells are resuspended using preserving fluid and analyzed with a FACSCanto II. The peak excitation wavelength for oxidized CM-H2DCFDA is 490 nm and emission is 530 nm[3].

Animal experiment:

Four to six weeks old female athymic nude mice (BALB/c, nu/nu) are used. A2780 and HO8910 cells are harvested and resuspended in 0.1 ml of PBS, 5×106 cells/0.2 mL are injected subcutaneously into the left inguinal area of the mice. Two weeks later, mice bearing tumors (~70 mm3 for A2780 and HO8910) are randomly divided into 4 groups. Artesunate is administered daily via i.p. injection at doses of 50 mg/kg alone for 16 days. The tumor growth is monitored every other day. Tumor volume is determined by the formula 1/2a×b2 where a is the long diameter (mm) and b is the short diameter (mm)[3].

References:

[1]. Ilamathi M, et al. Artesunate as an Anti-Cancer Agent Targets Stat-3 and Favorably Suppresses Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Curr Top Med Chem. 2016;16(22):2453-63.
[2]. Lisewski AM, et al. Supergenomic network compression and the discovery of EXP1 as a glutathione transferase inhibited by artesunate. Cell. 2014 Aug 14;158(4):916-928.
[3]. Wang B, et al. Artesunate sensitizes ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin by downregulating RAD51. Cancer Biol Ther. 2015;16(10):1548-56.

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Chemical Properties

Cas No. 88495-63-0 SDF
Synonyms N/A
Chemical Name N/A
Canonical SMILES O=C(CCC(O)=O)O[C@H]1O[C@@H]2O[C@@]3(C)OO[C@]42[C@@H](CC3)[C@H](C)CC[C@H]4[C@H]1C
Formula C19H28O8 M.Wt 384.42
Solubility ≥16.3mg/mL in DMSO Storage Store at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Evaluation sample solution : ship with blue ice
All other available size: ship with RT , or blue ice upon request

Background

Artesunate is an inhibitor of both STAT-3 and exported protein 1 (EXP1).

Artesunate is an inhibitor of both STAT-3[1] and exported protein 1 (EXP1)[2]. Artesunate treatment for 24 h causes a significant increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a dose-dependent manner in both cell lines. Moreover, Western blotting shows that the levels ofγ-H2AX are significantly elevated when cancer cells are treated with Artesunate in the higher dose range for 24 h. Artesunate also shows a time-dependent effect on the level of RAD51 in A2780 and HO8910 cells. In two types of non-malignant cells, normal human fibroblasts and immortalized epithelial cells, FTE-187, the level of RAD51 is not altered by Artesunate. In A2780 cells, the level of RAD51 mRNA is indeed decreased by the addition of Artesunate, in a dose-dependent manner. Correspondingly, the promoter activity of RAD51 is significantly inhibited by Artesunate. In contrast, the RAD51 mRNA level in H8910 cells is not affected by Artesunate[3].

Tumor growth is significantly reduced in the group receiving combined treatment of Artesunate and cisplatin (P<0.01). In comparison, Artesunate alone has no significant effect on the growth of tumor xenografts for both cell lines[3].

Reference:
[1]. Ilamathi M, et al. Artesunate as an Anti-Cancer Agent Targets Stat-3 and Favorably Suppresses Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Curr Top Med Chem. 2016;16(22):2453-63.
[2]. Lisewski AM, et al. Supergenomic network compression and the discovery of EXP1 as a glutathione transferase inhibited by artesunate. Cell. 2014 Aug 14;158(4):916-928.
[3]. Wang B, et al. Artesunate sensitizes ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin by downregulating RAD51. Cancer Biol Ther. 2015;16(10):1548-56.